Post date: April 26th, 2013
Post date: December 6th, 2013
A bed bug can individually and collectively cause a number of health effects including skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms. Bed bug bites or cimicosis may lead to a range of skin manifestations from no visible effects to prominent blisters.:446 Diagnosis involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms. Treatment involves the elimination of the insect but is otherwise symptomatic.
Because infestation of human habitats has been on the increase in developed countries, bed bug bites and related conditions have been on the rise as well, since the 1980s1990s. The exact causes of this resurgence remain unclear; it is variously ascribed to greater foreign travel, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings among homes, a greater focus on control of other pests resulting in neglect of bed bug countermeasures, and increasing resistance to pesticides. Bed bugs have been known human parasites for thousands of years.
Individual responses to bites vary, ranging from no visible effect (in about 2070%) to small macular spots, prominent wheals and bullae formation along with intense itching that may last several days. A central hemorrhagic spot may also occur due to the release of anticoagulants in the saliva.
Symptoms may not appear until some days after the bites have occurred. Reactions often become more brisk after multiple bites due to possible sensitization to the salivary proteins of the bed bug. The skin reaction usually occurs in the area of the bite which is most commonly the arms, shoulders and legs as they are more frequently exposed at night. Numerous bites may lead to an erythematous rash or urticaria.
Serious infestations and chronic attacks can cause anxiety, stress, and insomnia. Development of refractory delusional parasitosis is possible, as a person develops an overwhelming obsession with bed bugs.
A number of other symptoms may occur from either the bite of the bed bugs or from their exposure. Anaphylaxis from the injection of serum and other nonspecific proteins has been rarely documented. Due to each bite taking a tiny amount of blood, chronic or severe infestation may lead to anemia.Bacterial skin infection may occur due to skin break down from scratching. Systemic poisoning may occur if the bites are numerous. Exposure to bed bugs may trigger an asthma attack via the effects of airborne allergens although evidence of this association is limited. There is no evidence that bed bugs transmit infectious diseases even though they appear physically capable of carrying pathogens and this possibility has been investigated. The bite itself may be painful thus resulting in poor sleep and worse work performance.
Bed bug bites are caused by bed bugs primarily of two species Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus.Infestation is rarely due to a lack of hygiene. These insects feed exclusively on blood and may survive a year without eating. They are attracted by body warmth and carbon dioxide. Transfer to new places is usually in the personal effects of the human they feed upon.
A definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping environment as symptoms are not sufficiently specific. Other possible conditions with which these conditions can be confused include scabies, allergic reactions, mosquito bites, spider bites, chicken pox and bacterial skin infections. Bed bugs classically form a line of bites colloquially referred to as "breakfast, lunch, and dinner" and rarely feed in the armpit or behind the knee which may help differentiate it from other biting insects. If the number in a house is large a pungent sweet odor may be described.
Treatment requires keeping the person from being repeatedly bitten and possible symptomatic use of antihistamines and corticosteroids (either topically or systemically). There however is no evidence that medications improve outcomes and symptoms usually resolve without treatment in 12 weeks.
Avoiding repeated bites can be difficult, since it usually requires eradicating bed bugs from a home or workplace; eradication frequently requires a combination of pesticide and non pesticide approaches. Pesticides that have historically been found to be effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos and malathion. Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time and there are concerns of negative health effects from their usage. Mechanical approaches such as vacuuming up the insects and heat treating or wrapping mattresses have been recommended.
Read this article: Bed bug infestation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Post date: December 5th, 2013
By Marcia Anderson
I receive complaints from residents who have, or think they have bed bugs, and are desperately seeking help. These people have exhausted all possible sources of help: landlords, pest control operators, over-the-counter products, and online solutions. Desperate, they contact the EPA, and are referred to a Bed Bug expert in their Region me. The first thing I do is calm them down and reassure them that there is hope. They can get rid of bed bugs. By sharing this story that crossed my desk, I hope to help others in similar situations.
Sean e-mailed me; We are convinced we have bed bugs. My wife thinks she found a bed bug. We have read articles on-line, and looked at pictures, and then we sprayed, heated, caulked, washed, dried, and wrapped our mattress and box spring in bed bug cases (encasements). We are getting bitten every night. After thorough inspection we still see nothing. Is it possible they are elsewhere in the house, in our vehicles? Should we spray more? And what brand?
My follow up call revealed that Seans family had moved recently, and the itching continued through the entire move. Whatever was bothering them had traveled with them. And the problem was becoming unbearable. Had they collected any live bugs? No. Nor had they seen any of the tell tale signs of bed bugs: shed skins, corpses, blood stains, or droppings on the bed sheets.
Scabies mites burrow into the skin resulting in open sores on hands, wrists, elbows, or anywhere on the body. Scabies is diagnosed through microscopic examination of skin scrapings taken from the affected area.
I told Sean, From what you describe, and the controls you have put in place, I dont think you have bed bugs. Lets try Plan B. Was the family being plagued with spiders, carpet beetles, mites? I suggested he contact the New York State Integrated Pest Management Program at Cornell University.
Sean wrote Cornell, Marcia Anderson of EPA referred me to you. After describing our situation, Marcia doesnt think we have bed bugs. We know what they look like, where to find them, and how to get rid of them. The bites are so itchy, we scratch until we bleed! We have tried numerous anti-itch creams, but none take away the itch!
Cornell provided some excellent information and recommended a pest control company inspection. Later, a frustrated Sean called me again. Still no bugs but horrid itching. I suggested they visit a dermatologist to diagnose the bites.
Sean wrote back; Marcia, you were right. We thought we had bed bugs, but it turned out to be scabies! We were successfully treated by a dermatologist. My son got them at daycare.
See more here:
Bed bugs? | “The Bites are so Itchy, we Scratch until we ...
Post date: December 4th, 2013
healthsection Health Topics A-Z Healthy Living Featured Conditions eHow Now eHow Health Public Health & Safety Public Health Bed-Bug Life Cycle
Daniel Moverley has been writing professionally for over five years, for various online companies as well as for private clients. His articles specialize in topics ranging from veterinary health to technology and video games, to basic construction projects. Moverley is pursuing a bachelor's degree in English.
Bed bugs typically grow to about one quarter of an inch long and have a flat, oval-shaped body. They are brown in color but after feeding they tend to look a red/brown color. The reason for this is because bed bugs feed on blood; human blood is their preferred meal, but they will settle for pets and other animals. Bed bugs use the warmth and moisture from warm-blooded animals and humans to detect and locate their food source.
Most people think of bed bugs as living in dirty, unkempt conditions, but this is a common misconception. Bed bugs are just as happy to dwell in a clean home as long as there is an adequate and continuous food supply. Their favorite places to hide are in the seams and crevices of uphostered furniture and in mattresses. Unfortunately, the number of bed-bug infestations is rising throughout North America, Asia and Europe.
When bed bugs have a constant supply of blood, their life span is generally between three and four months. If their food source runs out or leaves, however, bed bugs enter a dormant stage and have been known to survive for up to 15 months.
Bed-bug eggs are about one millimeter long, but are usually laid in a cluster which makes them slightly easier to see. They are covered in a sticky substance that holds them to the cracks and folds in the material in which they are deposited. Female bed bugs lay three to five eggs at a time and can continue to do so every day. By the end of their life, a single female may have produced up to 500 eggs.
After the eggs hatch, which takes anywhere from a week to 12 days, the nymph can be colorless to a light-beige color. The newly hatched nymph is about 1.5 millimeters long and will grow and molt after its first meal of blood. The nymph will continue to feed and molt (getting darker in color after each meal) until it reaches maturity. This happens after the nymph has molted five times. After each shedding of its skin the nymph can grow by 0.5 to 1.5 millimeters; by the time it becomes an adult it can be nearly six millimeters long.
Both male and female bed bugs usually feed every three to four days. A typical feeding session tends to last about 10 minutes, with the bed bug gorging itself on blood. Although the adults can enter a dormant stage to prolong their life, they cannot produce more eggs without a constant food supply.
Lots of us remember the old saying, "sleep tight, don't let the bed bugs bite," as a quaint childhood memory, but unfortunately...
Read more from the original source: Bed-Bug Life Cycle | eHow - eHow | How to Videos, Articles ...
Post date: December 2nd, 2013
Do you wonder what color the bed bugs are, what size are bed bugs , or if you have ever seen them before? What exactly are bed bugs and where do they come from, or better yet, how did they find you? We hope these Bed Bug Pictures will help you determine if you have bed bugs.
Apparently, bed bugs are very real and they plague people all over the United States. Bed bugs are small little bugs that feed off the blood of humans! They climb up your bed, from the bed posts or from bedding that has fallen from your bed!
From reviewing these Bed Bug Pictures, Bed Bugs like living inside of mattresses too; in fact there are Bed bug Pictures on this web page that show the tell tale signs that bedbugs are around on a mattress.
Apparently, bed bugs are very real and they are visible and very ugly. Depending on the stage or size of the bed bug depends on how well you can see bed bugs. Check out the Bed Bug Pictures on the right.
Bed bugs are small little things that feed off the blood of humans! They either crawl into your bed or they can drop down on you at night while you are sleeping! They like living inside of mattresses too; infact there are Bed Bug Pictures that show what it looks like when bed bugs are present.
These bloodsucking bed bugs feed off of sleeping people by piercing the skin of the victim; the victim wakes to bed bug bites all over their body! . The bed bugs actually stick their feeding tube inside the skin which allows them to draw blood for five minutes at a time. The person does not know they are being bitten.
The bed bugs like to attack about an hour before dawn and if the host awakens, they scatter and hide. Bed Bug Pictures show how small they are compared to the head of President Lincoln shown on a penny. These disgusting bed bug creatures can actually go without eating for an entire year before they need another meal! They suck blood about once per week.
The tell tale sign that you have bed bugs is a row or cluster of tiny bites on your skin. Bed bugs dont fly or crawl on you. They feed from standing on the sheets; therefore they will stick your skin that is touching the sheets and just keep sticking you in a line.
When you look at the Bed Bug Pictures, you will see that these nasty little insects resemble very hairy, tiny cockroaches! There are approximately 100 species of bed bugs.
Did you know that 50% of people with bed bug infestations never know it? There is good news though, bed bugs are not harmful to your health and there are no known diseases that transmit either.
Excerpt from: Dead Bed Bugs: Bed Bug Pictures
Post date: December 2nd, 2013
Bed Bug Secrets NJ Bites and Rash 732-309-4209 | Bedbug inspection Mercer County New Jersey
Eliminex Bed Bug Symptoms and Free Advice http://njbestexterminator.com 732-309-4209 for service and inspection for Bed Bug Evidence and Infestation. Extermi...
Post date: November 26th, 2013
balrogs kill posted a photo:
Montone, Nov 16
Moar Bed Bugs
Post date: November 26th, 2013
See pictures of bed bugs and learn to identify what bed bugs and their bites look like to protect yourself against these nasty, bloodsucking pests.
Cimex lectularius, commonly known as bed bugs, are seed-size, wingless insects that infests beds and feeds on human blood.
Because of their size and their natural survival instinct to hide in ingenious places, bed bugs are usually hard to spot. In often cases, victims may not realize that there is a problem until bite marks start to show up on their skin.
Generally, adult bed bugs are tiny (about the size of an apple seed or 1/4 inch long) with flat rusty-brown-colored oval shaped bodies. However, after they feed on blood of hapless sleepers, their bodies can swell to a deeper red brown and up to 3/8 inch long.
The younger bugs, or 'nymphs' are smaller and are a whitish color, or sometimes a golden color. Until they are fed, after which, like the adult bugs, they turn a reddish color. While newly hatched nymphs can be seen with the human naked eye however, with their tiny size and white colored body, it makes them very hard to spot on the mattress.
What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?
Pictures ofthe bed bug nymph becomes engorged with blood during feeding
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Pictures of What Bed Bugs Look Like | Photos of Bed Bug Bites
Post date: November 25th, 2013
Baby bed bugs are bed bugs that are passing through the first 5 stages of development. They are referred to as nymphs. They are about the size of the head of a pin and are light brown/straw colored.
A bed bug (baby bed bugs-nymphs, adults) has a hollow tube or stylet which moves out from the head and into the host. The sytlet impales the skin and then searches for a location where blood can be withdrawn. In effect they bed bugs don't bite, they puncture. It takes up to 10 minutes for a bed bug to finish the blood meal. When done, they move back to their hiding place.
During its development a baby bedbug will pass through 5 stages (each stage is called an instar). A bed bug will seek to feed on a human (or bat, bird as an alternative) as soon as they are born. They need to feed in order to pass from stage to stage. If a feeding opportunity is available they can feed more than one time between stages. A nymph can live from 3 to 4 months without feeding.
It takes four to five weeks for a bed bug to move from egg to adult (1 week per stage), depending on the temperature. The ideal temperature for development is 50 degrees F (10C).
OrkinInc. recently completed a study which showed that only 3.7% of people will show a visible reaction to a bed bug bite (approximately 4 out of 100 people). Another .8% had a bed bug bite reaction within 18 days. At these low levels, it is possible for a home to be suffering from bed bugs without actually seeing any skin reaction.
A recent study by the University of Kentucky School of Agriculture study also shows that the odds of getting a bed bug bite skin reaction is even lower in elderly populations.
Here are some pictures of bed bug bites:
Bed Bug Life Cycle Chart
A female will lay about 500 eggs during her lifetime. It takes 2 weeks for a bedbug egg to hatch. They will lay about 1 to 2 eggs per day.
Originally posted here: Baby Bed Bugs
Post date: November 25th, 2013
Cimex lectularius (Common bed bug)
Adult bed bugs are generally 3/16 long by about half as wide. They range in color from mahogany to dark brown. They have a 3 segmented body: head, pronotum, and abdomen. The head has two knob-like protrusions on each side of the head that are the eyes. Just in front of the eyes, theres two antennae. The antennae are 4 segmented, with the first two segments closest to the head noticeably thicker than the last two segments. Behind the head is the pronotum. The pronotum is a concave-shaped structure that envelopes the head in a wing-like fashion. Behind the pronotum are two wing pads, absent of wings. Bed bugs do not fly. The last segment is the abdomen. It s an 11-segmented section that contains hunger folds on segments 2 & 5. These hunger folds allow bed bugs to take in large blood meals and balloon as they feed. The body of the adult bed bug is sclerotized or leatherly in appearance and to the touch.
Immature life stages of bed bugs are referred to as nymphs. Depending on their age & development, theyre classified as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th or 5th instars. Early stage nymphs can be the size of a poppy seed, while later stages can be any size up tothe adults typical; 3/16. Nymphs vary in a number of ways from adults. First, nymphs can appear as either straw colored or almost clear. This is especially true for early instar nymphs. When a 1st instar nymph emerges from its egg, its completely void of color. The insect takes on color after feeding for the first time, literally filling its internal organs with blood. As a result, its easy to see the internal organs of 1st & 2nd instar nymphs. As the insect approaches the 3rd and 4th instar, the entire body darkens to a crimson red. Fourth and 5th instars begin to assume the color of adults, ranging from mahogany to dark brown. Other differences in nymphs include: lack reproductive structures, lack of a sclerotized or leathery bodies, and they posses only a 2-segmented tarsus (foot) whereas the adults have 3 segments.
Follow this link: Bed Bug Identification | Boston Bed Bug Authority
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