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Bed Bug Close Up

Post date: April 26th, 2013

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When we think about bed bugs, many of us probably think about a live bug moving around our living spaces and taking up residence under our mattresses. While understanding the life cycle of a bed bug can be helpful when trying to eliminate them from your home, you probably dont know much or anything about bed bug shells, skins, or casings.

I believe the more information you learn about something, the better. Discussing the bed bug exoskeleton is not meant to make your skin crawl even more or gross you out but instead, give you a better understanding of bed bugs in general.

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Bed bug shells and casings are the same, but you may hear them described as one or another. Since bed bugs are an insect, they have a skeleton (or exoskeleton) on the outside of their body, and like all insects, a bed bug must shed its skin to grow. A bed bug exoskeleton that has been shed is often known as a shell or casing.

Before we discuss bed bug shells and casings any further, it may be a good idea to briefly discuss the life cycle of a bed bug. After mating, females lay their eggs into small spaces. The eggs hatch in about six to ten days and the bed bug egg becomes a nymph (or immature bed bug). When the eggs hatch, they leave behind empty egg casings.

Once the nymph emerges from its egg, it seeks its first blood meal. Since a nymph must go through five stages before becoming an adult, it will molt (or shed its exoskeleton) five times. Each time a nymph sheds its shell and leaves behind a casing, it can enter the next stage of life.

Since the size of the shells or casings may vary, many people assume that adult bed bugs shed their exoskeleton. On the contrary, any casings you come across belong to the eggs or a nymph at a various stage. Once a bed bug has reached adulthood, it no longer sheds or grows.

Many people wonder what a bed bug shell looks like and in most cases, it looks just like the bed bug but without the body on the inside. Many shells are undamaged, and it appears as though the nymph magically disappeared from its exoskeleton.

Dont know what a bed bug looks like? Many people think they know what one looks like but ends up mistaking it for other bugs, like carpet beetles. Since proper identification is essential, this would be a good time to discuss how to identify a bed bug at its various stages properly.

As I mentioned earlier, the type of shell or casing find will depend on which stage the nymph was in as it emerged from its shell. Nymphs have the same characteristics of adult bed bugs, but the main differences between adults and babies are the color and size.

Adults have a brown exoskeleton while nymphs have lighter colored shells which often appear as translucent, whitish-yellow or a lighter shade of brown. Bed bugs have true bug characteristics which include antennas, segmented bodies, and six legs. The various sizes of nymph shells are roughly as follows:

Although youre more likely to see shells of nymphs, you may come across some bed bug egg casings. Bed bug eggs are only about 1/16 inches in length, are oval-shaped, are white, and may resemble other insect egg sacs. If youre unsure of what you are seeing, a quick online search can be helpful.

The larger the infestation of bed bugs, the more casings you will find lying around. Most molted casings are in areas where bed bugs gather together in groups. Given that bed bugs are more likely to group together than go out on their own, casings may be anywhere throughout your living space.

Since bed bugs like to stay close to where their host (you) sleeps, you will probably find more casings in and around your bed, such as along the mattress seams and behind the headboard.

Other common places to find a variety of sizes of bed bug casings are in areas where the ceiling and wall meet, along baseboards and also in air conditioners and furniture. You may also discover them stuck to personal belongings like clothes, especially if you are prone to leaving items strewn across the floor.

The short answer is yes. Its natural to assume that finding bug shells may equate to an insect that has died. Yet, dont forget that young bed bugs shed five times before adulthood. Therefore, its safe to say that if you find bed bug skins (regardless of the size), you have an infestation.

Remember, like most insects, if bed bugs are left undisturbed they will continue to reproduce. A female bed bug can lay up to 250 eggs in her lifetime, which can result in a large infestation if left untreated.

Discovering bed bug shells means that you have bed bugs and like many people, you might be wondering what to do next. Before you start vacuuming up bed bug casings, take a little time to assess areas of your bedroom.

Flip over your mattress and start inspecting your box spring and the underside of your mattress. If you see reddish-brown smears or clusters of dark spots, they are usually tell-tale signs of bed bugs. When you do a little investigating, you may even come across a live bed bug scurrying to hide.

Before you call an exterminator, you may want to try getting rid of the bed bugs on your own. Ive had a lot of success with getting rid of bed bugs quickly on my own, but it does take patience and persistence. Here are a few tips for getting started on your own:

Remove and clean all bedding and clothing

Bag up and seal any belongings that cant be washed or treated with heat

Use a stiff bristle brush to loosen up any bed bug excrement on your mattress

Vacuum your mattress and other areas

When it comes to choosing a vacuum in your fight against bed bugs, you need a product that can be reliable, and one that is powerful enough to create secure suction deep within fabric and carpet. And remember; it's imperative you choose a vacuum that's installed with a HEPA filter to ensure it's impossible for bed bugs to escape once captured.

My personal favorite is the medium-pricedShark Navigator Upright Vacuum, which easily ticks all of the boxes I've just mentioned, as well as being lightweight and easily manoeuvrable.

Encase your mattress and boxspring with a bed bug proof cover.

My favorite mattress protector at the moment is the SureGuard Mattress Encasement. It's thick, it's strong, it comes in many different sizes, and it will definitely help to stop bed bugs of all sizes from getting to, or from, your mattress.

To make sure you're covered from all angles, the SureGuard Box Spring Encasement and Pillow Protectors, along with the mattress protector, will go a long way in helping to combat the infestation, and to help you sleep a bit better at night.

Its also important to eliminate clutter and toss out anything that you dont think can be salvaged. Fix and fill any cracks to prevent bed bugs from hiding. Bed bugs can hide pretty much anywhere, so dont be surprised if you find casings and live bugs in the smallest of spaces.

If your DIY home treatments dont seem to do much for eliminating the bed bug population, you probably want to seek the advice and action of professional exterminators.

I took the time to tell you how to properly identify a bed bug because they are far from the only insect that moults. Why do insects moult? As I mentioned earlier, insects shed their exoskeletons so they can grow. The bed bug only moults five times in its lifespan, but some insects will moult up to 60 times.

If I covered all the insects that moult, it would take a lot of time. From beetles and cockroaches (which are often mistaken for bed bugs) to cicadas and other true bugs, there are hundreds, if not thousands of insects that moult their casings during a lifespan.

The best way to know if the insect casings that you find belong to bed bugs, is to consider the identifying characteristics that I shared with you and to search online for pictures of bed bugs. If youre still unsure, contact an entomologist or call an exterminator.

Whether you live in an old apartment building or a brand new home, you are likely to come across bug casings at some point. The information I have shared with you should help you determine whether or not the insect casings are bed bug shells or belong to another insect.

Although discovering insect casings can be a little unnerving, if you act quickly and take the appropriate steps you can prevent a bed bug infestation from getting out of hand.


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Bed Bug Shells, Skins & Casings - What You Need To Know
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How Long Do Bed Bugs Live?

Post date: May 19th, 2019

Bed Bug Life Cycle; How Long Do Bed Bugs Live? How Long Do Bed Bugs Live? There is a great debate as to how long bed bugs can live. Some scientists new to the study of bed bugs are challenging historic published research showing that bed bugs do not survive as long as previously published. Others believe that published data short changes the ...

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Is This a Bed Bug Bite? – TripSavvy

Post date: May 13th, 2019

Question: Is This a Bed Bug Bite?

Is that a bed bug bite? If a bump suddenly appears on your skin, you may worry that it's a bed bug bite. If you're staying in a hotel when you notice the bite, it's important to identify it as coming from a bed bug right away, so you can protect yourself and your belongings by moving to another room immediately. You'll also want to be sure what caused the bite before you report it to the hotel to make sure your complaint is taken seriously. (It's best if you can locate one of the little pests in your room; take a cell phone pictures or capture it in a plastic bag.)

A bed bug bite generally appears not alone, but in groups of three, since one bed bug can bite you multiple times over the course of one night. This pattern of three is commonly called "breakfast, lunch and dinner" bites. Appetizing, right? (See pictures to help you identify a bed bug bite.)

A bed bug can bite you on any part of your body, but will generally go for exposed skin. Wearing extra clothes to bed can help protect you from a bed bug's bite.

A bite from a bed bug will look different on everyone, making them difficult to identify. Even doctors often diagnose them as a rash, since many people have an allergic reaction to the bite of a bed bug and break out in red, inflamed, itchy skin. Some people will have raised bumps wherever they were bitten; others will just have a generalized red area. In most cases, the bed bug bite will itch like crazy.

How long the bed bug bite will stay on your skin is also highly variable depending on the person. Those who are most allergic will take the longest to clear up, up to a few weeks. For others, the bed bug bite will clear up in a matter of days. It's important not to scratch the bite, as it could become infected and leave a scar. See Treatments for Bed Bug Bites

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Find out if your area has been bed bug infestations through our Bed Bug Registry. This Registry is essential for anyone who is traveling to a holiday destination. We currently have over 21,000 bed bug reports from AROUND the world, making our registry the largest bug registry in the world! Many of our readers upload pictures of the infestation that you can look at. If you have any questions about an infestation, you can post them in the comments section so the original bed bug report author can respond!

Travel Tip: If you are travelling, make sure you search hotels you plan to stay at for any bed bug infestation reports on our registry to avoid a potential bed bug encounter! If a hotel has had a history of bed bug infestations, you can also read reports on HOW the hotel treats the guests after being informed of bed bugs by the guest!

In the Bed Bugs GUIDE section you will find everything you need to know about bed bugs. From the basic biology of bed bugs, to various (working) bed bug treatments, our GUIDE section has everything you need to know about preventing, identifying, and eliminating bed bugs in your home. Also check out our BLOG for more information and bed bug help.

Check out our Bed Bug Store for the most effective and affordable bed bug products on the market -- for regular people and for pest control professionals alike. We've carefully choosen and made available the must have, most effective bed bug products to help you eliminate and prevent bed bug infestations -- both at home and while you travel. There's a lot of products on the market that do NOTHING.

We only list and recommend products that are proven to be effective. Even better, we've carefully written up a number of best bed bug product guides to help you choose what products to use and how to use them.


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Identify Bedbugs and Get Rid of Them

Post date: May 7th, 2019

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Identify Bedbugs and Get Rid of Them

DM Pest control is the leading pest removal service provider in Austin, Texas helping the people with pests infestation. We offer multiple pests removal services including fleas treatment, bed bug treatment, termite treatment, rodent removal, mosquito treatment, and much more.

The company ensures 100% pests-free house with peerless & affordable service while using organic products only if you want your house to be protected from any pests infestation click here to know more about our services. dmpestcontrol.com/

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The bed bug life cycle has several stages, but it only takes about 37 days for this pest to go from egg to adulthood.

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To defeat the enemy, you must understand its ways: The ability to recognize eggs, nymphs, and adult bed bugs during any of their five developmental life stages is indispensable for identifying and controlling them.

The bed bug life cycle begins like that of most insectswith an egg. Bed bugs will only romance to fertilize eggs after a blood meal. They meet back up at their harborage (a community of bed bugs) and mating begins. According to the research of Dini Miller, PhD, at Virginia Tech, bed bug procreation is a brutal business: The male pushes his paramere [reproductive organ] through the females body wall, Dr. Miller says. She does kind of have a receptacle for his paramerecalled the spermalegebut he still wounds her in the process of traumatic insemination.' She then lays eggs and, six to nine days later, baby bed bugs hatch. Check out what bed bug eggs look like so you can find and eliminate infestations faster.

Theres no time for mom and nymphor instarto bond: After hatching, a nymph must find a host (you) and get some blood to grow into its next stage of life. This first-stage nymph is particularly vulnerable; because of its size (just 1.5 millimeters), it cant travel as far as older nymphs to find a host. If the nymph is successful, the meal will also help it molt (shed its exoskeleton). Eggs and molted skins are signs of bed bugs, but heres what else you should be looking for.

In this early stage of the bed bug life cycle, the clock is ticking for these tiny nymphs to find a blood meal. A first-stage instar bed bug can only go an average of 20 days without feeding before it starts to die of dehydration, says Miller. There are a total of five nymph (instar) stages, and the bugs must keep feeding throughout.

For bed bugs, blood meals help them with moisture, explains Jody Green, PhD, an urban entomologist at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Being tucked in crevices under optimal temperatures of 70 to 90 degrees helps, too. This is why its hard to say how long they can live without a blood meal in real-life situations compared to laboratory settings where the climate is often controlled. Here are pictures of bed bugs in and outside of the lab.

With each stage of the bed bug life cycle, a bed bug grows about another half millimeter, reports the Environmental Protection Agency. After the fifth instar stage, the insect becomes a full-fledged adult bed bug of about five millimetersand its ready to mate. How long bed bugs live is still a mystery, says Miller. She says the most recent research is from well-fed bed bugs in labs with optimal temperatures, where they live between 99 and 300 days. In your home, with varying temperature and humidity, the lifespan is bound to be differentbut the causes of bed bugs remain consistent.


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How to Identify a Bed Bug BiteBed Bug Bite FactsBed bug Bites are Itchy

Bed bugs bites are itchy. Bed bugs bite at night, while you are sleeping. Unless you feel it crawling on you, you will not feel the actual bite. Bed bugs inject an anesthetic like substance, so you don't feel the bite. When a mosquito bites, you eventually feel it, but this is not the case with bed bugs. If you are subject to an allergic reaction of the bed bug bite, then you will see similar results as the bed bug bites pictures at the top of this page. We've seen people covered in welts, and some with small bumpy reactions. No two reactions are usually identical.

You may not react to a bed bug bite. We've seen many cases where the bed is crawling with bed bugs (between the mattress and the box spring, so they're not easily visible) and yet the customer had no visible signs of bed bug bites. In these cases, the only way they found out they were infested was because they eventually saw a bed bug in their bed. If you sleep with someone else, you may not be getting bitten at all. Sometimes, bed bugs prefer one person's blood over the other.

A common pattern we've seen is bed bugs will bite in a triangular shape, usually in 3's. It's not always going to be an exact indication. However, if you do have a triangle shaped biting pattern on your body, tere is a high chance you're infested. It is a good idea to call your doctor, but make sure to be referred to a dermatologist. It can take a long time before getting an appointment with a dermatologist specialist, so make sure you call us as well 1-800-955-1890. We will be able to inspect your location, and give you an answer quickly. If your infestation is in early stages, our dog detection service may be your best choice.


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Bed Bug Bites Pictures Images Photos

Post date: April 10th, 2019

Bed Bug Bites Pictures Images Galleries Photos : So now we all are worry. Why ? Because we are effected by these tiny creepy bed bug bites. So I am sure you want to know that how these tiny bugs look like. So we are sharing bed bug pictures with you. It looks creepy and some people feel it ugly images but please bear with me, I can't do anything on these bug looks :)Bed Bug Bites Pictures ImagesAs we all know that every living organisms take birth, no one born adult ;) I'm right? So before going to adult bugs images look how bed bug babies look like. It is very small in size, infect it is very hard or impossible to see bed bugs egg. Although watching adult bed bug is not difficult. Now coming to point sharing you whole life cycle pictures of bed bugs from its birth period to adult.As you can see bed bug pass from seven stage of its life. As I already tell you it is very hard to see egg of lady bed bug because of his egg size which is around 1 mm long only. Which is very hard to detect. Lady bug generally place her egg at some hot dark place so that no one can see because of darkness.

So this is also a reason why bed bug population increase so high. There are several method also to kill bed bug eggs, which I will share in nest post that how to kill hidden bed bug. Till now check out some images of bug bites. How bed bug bites look like on human being.

Don't take these things easily, and yes those who are going to bed bugs sizes and thinking that they can't do you anything because they are very small. So for the guys who think like this, let me tell you these bed bugs are like bomb in small packet. So be aware that. Before they bite you get rid from them.

Bed Bug Bites Pictures

Male and female bed bug is slightly different in size, as expected it is because of baby which carry by lady bug which she carry most of time. Did you know each day she produce up to 5 eggs which is very good for them to make a society ;)


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Telling the difference between a bed bug bite and a flea bite may be quite a challenge especially if youve little or zero experience on these insects. Knowing which bite is from what bug is key if you want to find the appropriate treatment. Read on to learn the differences and similarities in terms of symptoms, size, pictures and cures

Fleas are a common name given to Ctenocephalides fellis (Cat flea), Pulex irritans (Human flea) and Xenopsylla cheopis (Rat flea) and are parasites that feed on blood.

They normally prefer human beings as their host but are also dominant in household pets such as cats, dogs, rodents and opossums.

Predominance is observed in cats in which they are known as cat fleas. It is the cat flea that infests both cats and dogs then eventually humans.

Bed bugs are of the genus Cimex and three species implicated in the infestation of houses; Cimex lecturalis, Cimex adjuctus and Cimex hemipterus.

Bed bugs do not live on bodies of their hosts and are only there momentarily to feast on a blood meal.

Like fleas, they can also be found in clothing such as shoes and bedding but bed bugs can also be found in hinges, walls and furniture.

Both of these insects do not fly and while this is true for both, fleas seem to try to do so. They have been known to jump from one place to another to as high as 8 vertically. This is typically 150 times their height. Bed bugs have to crawl to get to their destinations.

One interesting fact is that one flea is able to lay number of eggs in a week commensurate to those that can be laid by a bed bug in its life time i.e. about 200 eggs.

While it is not entirely known whether bed bugs can act as vectors of pathogens and cause disease in its hosts, fleas are known carriers of the bubonic plague, cat-scratch fever and murine typhus through infecting rodents such as rats (Gary R. Mullen; Lance A. Durden., 2017).

All these are well discussed in the following sections.

The appearance of either bites may be somewhat similar but there sure is some difference between them. The characteristics that follow the bite of a flea are as follows:

Bed bug bites bear the following characteristics in appearance:

The size of bed bug bites are about 4-5 mm long and 1.5-3 mm wide while those of fleas are about 1.5-3.3 mm long.

Bed bugs have not been associated with any disease of pathogen transmission as has in the case with fleas.

The three types of fleas have potential for different disease transmission and therefore pose a risk to humans in a variety of ways.

However, this is not to say that every flea bite will transmit a disease to humans.

Discomfort is an avoidable effect of a flea bite but you may get down with a fever after such bites.

This is the best time to go see a physician. According to CDC(Center for Diease Control) Known diseases that are associated with fleas include :

This is one of the group of typhus conditions associated with a fever, headache and a rash. These symptoms are known to start of one or two weeks after you have been exposed to the bacterium responsible.

Fleas among its counterparts such as lice and chiggers are responsible for the three typhus conditions. The flea responsible is the Xenopsylla cheopis usually found on rats and other rodents.

Do not confuse this with epidemic typhus that is spread by lice. If you have been infected with Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia felis from fleas, you will realize symptoms such as a fever, muscle and joint pain and nausea and vomiting.

However, it is hard to realize that the connection would be to a bite about one or two weeks ago.

When fleas carry a bacterium known as Bartonella henselae, you can get this diseae. Mostly affects children when they are bitten or scratched by a cat that is infected by the bacterium. It also presents with lymphademopathy about one or three weeks after being bitten.

This disease is caused by a bacterium known as Yersinia pestis that is at times borne in its vector, the flea, Xenopsylla cheopis.

This type of flea is found in rodents such as rats as its host. It is from the rats that the fleas acquire the bacterium which eventually is passed to humans during a blood meal.

he proboscis of the flea injects the saliva with its content, Y. pestis which then travels to the lymphatic ducts.

Bubonic plague is just one of a series of diseases that are associated with the bacterium as depending on its mode and level of spread, may complicated into septicemic or pneumonic plague.

To identify bubonic plague, swellings known as buboes appear in areas where there are lymph nodes such as the armpits, groin, upper femoral (thigh) and the neck region and is followed by a gangrene and necrosis of the nose, mouth, fingers and toes.

You will get chills, muscle pains, elevated body temperature and general body weakness (Bennetts Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases E-Book).

You will definitely react in the same way when you are bitten by a flea or a bed bug. Both of the bites are itchy and inflamed.

However, there are degrees to which the two reactions occur with the two bites. For instance, flea bites are known to be very itchy.

Extensive itch and scratching as a reflex reaction to it is therefore common and at times wounds follow. The itch by a bed bug bite may be less itchy and when you have rubbed the area gently, the inflammations fade away in minutes. This may not be the case with flea bites.

When flea bites are scratched, there is a potential for wounding and therefore infections. This is rare with bed bug bites and when they have to complicate, then they will turn into blisters.

You can be able to identify a bed bug or flea bite based on the appearance and if you are lucky, site the breaching insect. In order to do a differential diagnosis do the following:

If you have made a thorough observation of the bumps and are still not able to tell, the ask yourself the following questions:

Bed bug bite you when you are asleep or seated on your bed or other household furniture. Fleas are mostly on your pets, either a cat or a dog.

While bed bugs normally bite anywhere on your body, fleas are rampant in biting lower extremities such as the legs and ankles.

In order to get rid of the bed bug or flea bites, check out the following section on treatment and prevention.

Bed bug bites are commonly self-limiting and you can easily reduce the inflammation by rubbing hard on the streaked areas without scratching. Scratching worsens the inflammations.

If the itch is getting worse and unbearable, then you can get an over-the-counter anti-pruritic and anti-histamine.

Some of the options that you can look at include a corticosteroid cream such as hydrocortisone or betamethasone.

Remember, that you can also run some cold water or apply some ice-pack over the area. Just make sure that you avoid host water as this may exacerbate the itchiness.

Other oral over-the-counter medications include Chlopheniramine or cetirizine which are anti-histamines. All these interventions can be used to relieve the itch and inflammation associated with both a flea and bed bug bite.

Other home remedies that can be used include the use of peppermint, lavender oils, by applying on the area to relieve the itch.

You can prevent being bitten by a flea or a bed bug in the following ways:

Flea bites

Bed bugs

Below are pictures of bed bugs and flea bites on leg and hand of humans

Flea and bed bug bites are both itchy, cause inflammations, may turn red and can be treated with the same treatment approaches.

This material has already debunked most of the previously perceived similarities to inform you on the differences between the two.


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