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Bed bugs, like most insects, have a complex life cycle with multiple stages. They begin their lives in an immature form and physically change in appearance and size as they grow. The life cycle of a bed bug is longer than most other parasites, which allows them to reproduce at alarming rates in great volumes.

Understanding how these pests grow and produce offspring can give us valuable insight into how severe an infestation is and how far along it is.

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As I've, the life cycle of a bed bug is similar to most insects and arthropods in general for that matter. They begin life as an egg laid by a female and grow to adults by passing through distinct life stages. During each of these life stages, their appearance and behavior change slightly until they reach adulthood.

Unlike mammals, birds, and even some species of reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates, bed bugs do not care for their offspring once the eggs have been lain. Their life cycle does not include a nurturing phase, so the bug is independent from birth. This lack of care increases the bed bugs' mortality rate but allows for a single female to create a vast number of offspring relatively quickly.

A bed bug will hatch from its egg as a nymph. A nymph is an immature insect that closely resembles the adult form of its species. The nymph gradually undergoes a metamorphosis into its adult form by molting its exoskeleton. The nymph must go through several nymph stages, growing larger with every molting. Each stage lasts approximately a week. Nymphs are different from larvae, which are vastly different in their immature stage, and undergo radical metamorphosis into its adult form.

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A baby bed bugs, also known as an instar, can feed on blood immediately. It is smaller but no less dangerous than an adult. However, it cannot reproduce until (relatively) much later in its lifespan. It is similar to human children. They go through a younger version of adults until they reach an age at which they can reproduce.

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The adult stage of the bed bug is the longest, just like with mammals. Unlike butterflies or moths that are sexually active for brief periods of time, bed bugs continue to mate and produce offspring for a majority of their lifespan. The eggs that the females lay hatch and the cycle begins again.

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The insect world is enormous and varied in its species. Insects have their unique life cycles and stages within that cycle. The bed bug has seven distinct stages in its life.

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At each stage of the bed bug life cycle, the insect's appearance is distinct and differentiated from the other stages. Close inspection can reveal what stage the bug is at in its lifespan.

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Bed bugs mate through an appropriately named procedure called traumatic insemination. The male bed bug, instead of going through the females sex organs, inserts its hypodermic penis into the abdomen of the female and ejaculates sperm into her body cavity.

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The sperm makes its way to the eggs within the female eventually, at which point the female is ready to lay fertilized eggs. She will arrange them together in a small group or simply lay them as she moves about her business.

Because the action is so traumatic, females require an extended recovery period before they can mate again. Each subsequent mating produces fewer eggs because the damage caused by mating never truly heals. Despite this, females can mate several times over the course of their lives.

Unfortunately for humans, bed bugs are mostly unaffected by inbreeding and incest. A female can mate with her male offspring and vice versa with virtually no complications. This resistance means that a single fertilized female can cause an entire infestation all on her own.

A female bed bug can lay 1-7 eggs a day for ten days after feeding. She can produce 5-20 eggs after one full meal. She is dependent upon sperm, however, and must mate again if she runs out. She can do this several times in her lifespan.

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Over the course of her entire life, a female bed bug can lay over 100 eggs. The eggs are split more or less down the middle by gender, meaning there are just as many females as there are males. Since these offspring can mate with each other with little consequences, each female can lay 100 eggs of her own and the females she creates can do the same and so on, causing an exponential growth in population.

Bed bugs enjoy a high success rate when it comes to eggs. Under the right temperature conditions, around 97% of the eggs will hatch. Higher temperatures and increased humidity positively affect the hatch rate as well as the lifespan and health of the bugs overall.

Bed bugs lay their eggs in and around the same area where they live. The female may even lay eggs as she moves from one place to another; leaving eggs on carpets and bed sheets, exposed and in the open. Most often, though, she will lay them in her shelter.

Bed bugs are nocturnal, hiding during the daylight hours to avoid being killed. The find shelter in the seams of mattresses, or in other creases and folds in fabrics. These enclosed spaces raise the ambient temperature and humidity, creating a favorable microclimate. That is where most eggs can be found. Wherever bed bugs hide, the eggs will not be far.

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Bed bugs do not live in hair on the human body, so this isn't something you need to worry about.

The length of a bed bugs life is largely dependent on its access to food and the temperature and humidity of its environment. As stated above, higher temperatures in excess of 70 F and high humidity will help them to produce more offspring. These higher temperatures will increase bed bug activity, but they wont necessarily prolong their lives. Temperatures over 100 F prove to be too hot and cause lower life expectancy and fertility.

Bed Bugs collect moisture through their food and by breathing it in through their skin. More moisture in the air means more for them to drink. Colder temperatures and drier climates have an adverse effect on bed bug activity, but it also makes them live longer. Since they spend most of their time resting, their lives grow longer.

Since each nymph stage lasts about a week, an egg can reach maturity in about 37 weeks. From there, the bed bug can live in its adult stage for up to a year before it dies of old age. Depending on conditions and availability of food, a bed bug can live for anywhere from six months up to slightly over a year.

The upper limit of a year lifespan has only been observed in a laboratory. We can reasonably assume that bed bugs in "the wild" have drastically reduced lifespans stemming from human actions, non-optimal conditions and food scarcity. Without action, however, bedbugs will continue to reproduce and persist. Bed bugs likely live at least a few months in non-laboratory conditions; more than long enough to reach sexual maturity.

Bed bugs have quite a long life cycle and lifespan in comparison to similar blood-sucking parasites. This prolonged life makes them especially difficult to eradicate completely. It takes a bed bug around five weeks to go through each of its adolescent nymph stages and reach sexual maturity. Once it is an adult, however, it can continue to reproduce, even through incest, for months. Their highly evolved physiology makes them a threat not to be taken lightly.


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Bed Bug Life Cycle A Guide to All Stages | PestSeek
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Bed Bug Life Cycle | Ehrlich Pest Control

Post date: August 24th, 2018

The life cycle of bed bugs is one of the main reasons why Cimex lectularius has been so successful infesting man-made properties in recent decades. It's helpful to have a solid understanding of the bed bug lifecycle so you know what you're up against when an infestation threatens your home or business.

The problem with bed bugs isn't that they can live for an extraordinary long time but that they are prolific breeders. In their lifetime, a single female bed bug will lay upwards of 540 eggs. Bed bugs will lay eggs daily. Once a bed bug population has infested a room with right living conditions, it won't take long for the infestation to grow to be severe.

If you have an ongoing bed bug problem in your property, don't wait for it to get worse. Call the professionals at Ehrlich at 1-800-837-5520 or contact us online to schedule a free pest inspection.

The bed bug life cycle: (left to right) eggs, bed bug nymph, mature bed bug nymph, adult bed bug

Female bed bugs will lay eggs in batches of 10-15 and as many as 5 or 6 in a single day. Bed bug eggs are roughly 1mm long and are pearly white in color. Bed bug eggs can often be found near where the adult and young bed bugs hide during the day.

A bed bug starts out as an egg that hatches into a nymph. Before each life stage the bed bug molts, leaving shed skins behind. Discarded bed bug skins are often one of the first signs of an infestation. Once the bed bug hatches, it seeks out a host to get a blood meal.

A bed bug goes through several nymph stages before reaching adulthood. When bed bugs are progressing through the nymph stages, they are very small and hard to see. When bed bugs reach adulthood, they are about the size of an apple seed.

An adult bed bug grows to 1/4 inch in width and is typically reddish-brown in color, especially after feeding. Bed bugs do not fly but they do crawl quickly and are highly proficient at latching on to luggage or clothes.

An adult bed bug can last without feeding for as long as 1 year. Bed bugs have not been found to spread any diseases. However, some people can develop secondary infections to bed bug bites.


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National Bed Bug Registry Database and Maps

Post date: July 14th, 2018

Zoom In on the above map using the map controls for more detail, and select an incident by clicking on it for address details.

We cannot vouch for the truthfulness of any report on this site. If you feel a location has been reported in error, or want to dispute a report, please contact us.

Bed bugs began spreading across the United States within the past several years. Bed bugs exist in all 50 states, including Texas. Our office represents victims of bed bug bites throughout the country on a pre-litigation basis.

What do bed bugs look like? An adult bed bug is the size of an apple seed or 3/16 to 1/4 of an inch long

Information for New York City Residents Bed bug infestations are increasingly common, but there are steps that can be taken to prevent bed bugs from infesting your home. When bed bugs are present, they can be safely controlled

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs in NYC If bed bugs have a single weakness, its that their reproduction cycle is slower than most arthropods. By hiring a local bed bug exterminator NYC residents will have a top-rated pro who is near by and available to perform multiple intensive treatments to disrupt the bed bugs life cycle and prevent them from reproducing. Instead of panicking and throwing out upholstered items, clothing, furniture, and other valuable objects speak to our experts about scheduling an inspection and available treatment options.

You can report bed bugs in: If you report bed bugs in a residential building, hotel, or SRO, the Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) will conduct an inspection. HPD may conduct inspections with a bed bug-sniffing dog. If bed bugs are found, the residential building owner may get a ticket

Hotel had decent reviews and was declared to be bed bug free. I always check the beds upon checking in, just in case.

No matter what kind of manufacturing industry you are in, pests are always a problem.

What Cilecto said. I will only add the following: Most prep sheets for PCOs require a hot water wash and a long time in a dryer because by doing both youre dramatically increasing the chances that youll kill more of the bugs and their eggs

From the Beginning It is thought that C. lecturlarius may have actually originated in the Middle East, in caves that were inhabited by humans as well as bats

Being bugged by bugs in Florida Bugs is an everyday occurrence Have you ever had that feeling that something is crawling up your skin in a place on your body that you cant see you kind of recoil, jumping up frantically to free yourself of it, brushing yourself off just in case ! Beautiful sunny Florida, swarms with all kinds of insects and bugs. But why so many bugs in Florida?


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Being aware of the bed bug life cycle can help you in your efforts to combat bed bugs at home or on holidays.

When you suspect the presence of bed bugs at home or in a hotel room, you should firstly examine your mattress and bedding for signs of these wingless, reddish-brown insects. As part of the bed bug life cycle,bed bugs shed their outer shell leaving telltale signs of a bed bugs infestation.

Look for bed bug eggs as well as the bed bugs themselves, but keep in mind that bed bugs vary in size depending on where theyre at in their bed bug life cycle.

Bed bug eggs are shorter than a millimetre in length, so it can be very difficult to see them with the naked eye. Theyre white and grain-like in appearance, about the same size as a couple of flecks of salt, and theyre laid where the bed bugs harbour.

Dont be fooled by their size: baby bed bugs can and will bite you just as easily as their adult counterparts do.

When bed bug eggs hatch, baby bed bugs, also known as nymphs, will pass through five distinct life stages before maturing to adulthood.

Nymphs need one blood meal in order to molt to the next life stage, becoming larger with each stage. The full bed bug life-cycle process can take as little as 5 weeks and as long as 4-6 months.

When theyve reached adulthood, bed bugs feed more frequently, usually about every 10 days. This is bad news for those of us who are unlucky enough to experience a bed bug infestation at home or on holidays.

The adult life span is anywhere from 4-6 months to 18 months, so these little critters live for a very long life. Females can lay between 1 and 5 eggs each day one of the reasons why these bugs can be so difficult to get rid of.

Its very easy to get rid of bed bugs without hiring an expensive pest controller who spray toxic chemicals throughout your home. Try our organic DIY Bed Bug Killer powder, for more information click here

You often dont realise you have bed bugs until you wake up with an itchy and uncomfortable bed bug rash. Learn about some simple options to treat bed bug rash clickhere.


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Bed Bug Life Cycle: Eggs, Nymphs,& Adult Stages

Post date: October 22nd, 2017

Bed bugs are nocturnal, reddish-brown insects that feed on the bloodof humans and other warm-blooded animals. These wingless insects have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

A bed bugs life begins with an egg, grain like and milky white in color. Female bed bugs lay between one and five eggs each day and may lie up to 500 eggs within one lifetime. Eggs are laid singly or in clusters and are placed withintight cracks or crevices. The egg is approximately 1 mm in length and is comparable in size to two grains of salt. Within two weeks, eggs hatch and immature bed bugs begin immediately to feed.

These young bed bugs, or nymphs, pass through five molts before reaching maturity. Although nymphs appear similar to adults, they are smaller in size and are not yet sexually mature.Young nymphs are also yellow-white in color, while older nymphs and adults are reddish-brown. In order to complete a molting stage, each nymph requires a blood meal. At room temperature, nymphs molt and become adults within five weeks.

Upon reaching maturity, bed bug adults often make weekly feedings.

Adult Bed Bug

How Long Do They Live?The life span of a bed bug most commonly ranges from four to six months. However, some bed bugs may live up to a year under cool conditions and with no food.

Cimex lectularius L.

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.


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Bed Bug Life Cycle: Easy to understand growth chart

Post date: September 26th, 2017

Below youll see the bed bug life cycle which typically takes about 40 days when well fed. The growth cycle can take longer if the food source is limited. In the photo of the life cycle below, you can see the beginning stage starts with the egg (which looks like rice) and is approximately 1/4 mm in length.

The next stage is the first instar nympth, also about 1.5mm long and almost transparent until the first feeding. They are very difficult to see at this stage of development.

The third stage of the bed bugs life cycle is the second instar nymph at 2mm long. Third stage is 2.5mm, fourth is 3mm, fifth is 4.5mm and the final molting shows the bed bug reaching the final stages of the cycle.

And here is another picture of a bed bugs life cycle provided by Stephen Doggett at the Department of Medical Entomology, ICPMR in Australia; his bed bug fact sheet covers the lifecycle of the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius:

The egg which looks like a grain of rice is about 1.5mm long and usually attached to a mattress tag or in the crease or fold of fabric (see our bed bug pictures for examples). The eggs is beige in color due to lack of blood and turns red as it starts to hatch, which takes around two weeks. From first instar nymph and into adulthood, the developing bedbug needs a good supply of blood before moving into the next stage.

An adult bed bug can produce eight eggs per time and as much as 500 eggs during her lifetime! Studies show that a adult male can live up to a year without blood at 50F and only a month at 80F concluding that when starved, they die faster in warmer temperatures.*Based on study by Mac Dubbed Gobs

Shown below is a bed bug at different stages of development (Egg, 5 nymphal stages, and 2 adult bed bugs). This entire image is the size of a penny (19mm) and gives you an idea of the size at each stage. This picture is from Dong-Hwan Choe, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program on bed bugs.


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How to get rid of Bed Bugs. – Fox Weekly

Post date: July 31st, 2017

For someone who has not dealt with the nuisance of a bedbug infestation on household furniture, the shudder of those who have might seem extreme. The visceral reaction to the smell of a squashed bed bug and the itch of being bitten is all too real for those who have had such experiences. The annoying aspect of a bedbug infestation is their resilience. These little bugs are hardy and even harder to kill.In a span of 37 days on the average, bedbugs go from eggs to adulthood. From the beginning of their life, bedbug nymphs are ready for a blood meal. Bedbugs survive by ingesting the blood of their host (bloody little vampires).

They can survive on the ingested blood for months without needing a refill (I wonder the kind of engine that powers them). And they dont discriminate humans, cats, dogs- all are fair game. What more, their life cycle is 10 months to a year (really uncommon for critters in the insect kingdom) but they are aggressively active when it comes to mating. The typical female bedbug can lay hundreds of eggs in her life span. Now imagine how hard it is to get rid of bugs that breed that fast irrespective of whether they starve or not.

Normal insecticides dont work well on bedbugs, partly due to where they like to hang out in the seams of the mattress, folds of furniture materials and clothing. Basically, all nook and crannies where there is a high probability of coming into contact with human skin, too tight for casual inspection and dark.However, we would not leave you hanging as to how to get rid of these nasty little buggers.

Our solution is a homemade brew that can percolate (while you sip your coffee) into their hideouts talk about taking the fight to them. The chemicals needed are things you already use in the kitchen and around the house, hence it is inexpensive.

You will need:

Then follow the following procedure. No need for goggles. There are no explosions involved.

Note: If you dont have a teacup or you need a larger/ smaller quantity then you can use any container for the measurement. The important bit is to use the same proportional measurement for all the components.Pour the resulting mixture into a spraying container (you have just taken your first step as an industrial chemist. Congrats!). Head over to the infested furniture and spray the edges and folds (higher chance of finding them there). Then spray the rest of the furniture. Repeat the spraying in two days or three days to be sure you got them all.


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Accra, July 7, GNA -Inesfly Africa Limited and Sahara Commodities have signed a distributionagreement for the latter to begin commercial distribution of the Inesfly rangeof products in the southwestern African nation, Namibia.

This was announcedin a joint communiqu issued by both partiesInesfly Africa and SaharaCommodities.

Sahara Commoditiesvisited Inesfly Africa headquartered in Ghana, for a training session relatingto technical and product knowledge and route-to-market strategies.

Expressing hisexcitement about the trade deal, CEO of Sahara Commodities, Mr. Shahil Morar,said they were glad to be part of the Inesfly family, noting that the licenseto distribute Inesflys range of insecticide products would not only empowerthe Namibian economy through job creation, but would address significantly thenegative impact of insect-pest infestation in the country.

Namibia, like anyother country, is not free from insect-pest infestation, and were veryoptimistic that Inesflys range of insecticide products will help address thenations quest in curbing vector-borne diseases, he added.

In March 2017, theNamibian High Commissioner to Ghana, Charles B. Josob, on the occasion ofGhanas 60th Independence Anniversary celebration, made a clarion call on Ghanaand Namibia to strengthen bilateral trade ties for the economic and sustainabledevelopment of the two nations.

Barely two monthsfollowing this call, Inesfly Africa and Sahara Commodities have taken firststeps in that direction and are poised to partner for mutual gains.

CEO at InesflyAfrica, Michael Sjodin, noted that the trade agreement with Sahara Commoditiesin Namibia is an important step towards enhancing business ties between the twonations, and, importantly, delivering on its commitment to fighting vectorinfestations in all of Africa.

Inesfly Africa as atotal insecticide solutions company has a vision of reducing and ultimatelyeradicating vector infestations in multi-sectors including Public Health,Agriculture, Hospitality and Veterinary Health across Africa. Already, we areactively present in Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville,

DR Congo and CoteDIvoire, just to mention a few, and the goal is to be present in 25 Africancountries by close of 2017, he added.

Inesfly Africa dealsin a range of insecticide products for multi-sectors including public health,veterinary health, hospitality and agriculture.

Some of the productsare the Exterior and Interior insecticide Paint, Floor Cleaner, Bed Bug and EMHouse solution for treatment against all insects especially bed bugs.

Its flagshiptechnology, the microencapsulation technology, traps the insecticides intomicro bubbles which are then released slowly over an extended period of timethereby allowing for their long term efficacy while proving safe for humans andpets.

It also uses theInsect Growth Regulator, which allows for the insecticides to deal with thetotal life cycle of the insect including the egg, the larvae, the pupa and theadult. This prevents re-infestation and leads ultimately to eradication.

GNA


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Ghanaian company, Inesfly Africa Limited entered into a distribution agreement last week with Sahara Commodities to a to begin commercial distribution of the Inesfly range of products in Namibia.

Sahara Commodities visited Inesfly Africa headquartered in Ghana, for a training session relating to technical and product knowledge and route-to-market strategies.

CEO at Inesfly Africa, Michael Sjodin, noted that the trade agreement with Sahara Commodities in Namibia is an important step towards enhancing business ties between the two nations, and, importantly, delivering on its commitment to fighting vector infestations in all of Africa.

Sahara Commodities CEO, Shahil Morar, said they are glad to be part of the Inesfly family noting that the license to distribute Inesflys range of insecticide products will not only empower the Namibian economy through job creation, but also address the negative impact of insect-pest infestation in the country.

Inesfly Africa as a total insecticide solutions company has a vision of reducing and ultimately eradicating vector infestations in multi-sectors including Public Health, Agriculture, Hospitality and Veterinary Health across Africa.

We are already present in Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, DR Congo and Cote DIvoire, with the goal to be present in 25 African countries by close of 2017, Mortar explained.

Namibia, like any other country, is not free from insect-pest infestation, and were very optimistic that Inesflys range of insecticide products will help address the nations quest in curbing vector-borne diseases, Morar said.

The Namibian High Commissioner to Ghana, Charles Josob, on the occasion of Ghanas 60th Independence Anniversary celebration, made a clarion call for Ghana and Namibia to strengthen bilateral trade ties for the economic and sustainable development of the two nations in March 2017, just two months following this call, Inesfly Africa and Sahara Commodities have taken a step in that direction and are set to partner for common gain.

Some of the products include the exterior and interior insecticide paint, floor cleaner, bed bug and EM House solution for treatment against all insects especially bed bugs.

Its flagship technology, the microencapsulation technology, traps the insecticides into micro bubbles which are then released slowly over an extended period of time thereby allowing for their long term efficacy while proving safe for humans and pets.

It also uses the Insect Growth Regulator, which allows for the insecticides to deal with the total life cycle of the insect including the egg, the larvae, the pupa and the adult. This prevents re-infestation and leads ultimately to eradication.


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