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Bed Bug Life Cycle: Eggs, Nymphs,& Adult Stages

Post date: October 22nd, 2017

Bed bugs are nocturnal, reddish-brown insects that feed on the bloodof humans and other warm-blooded animals. These wingless insects have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

A bed bugs life begins with an egg, grain like and milky white in color. Female bed bugs lay between one and five eggs each day and may lie up to 500 eggs within one lifetime. Eggs are laid singly or in clusters and are placed withintight cracks or crevices. The egg is approximately 1 mm in length and is comparable in size to two grains of salt. Within two weeks, eggs hatch and immature bed bugs begin immediately to feed.

These young bed bugs, or nymphs, pass through five molts before reaching maturity. Although nymphs appear similar to adults, they are smaller in size and are not yet sexually mature.Young nymphs are also yellow-white in color, while older nymphs and adults are reddish-brown. In order to complete a molting stage, each nymph requires a blood meal. At room temperature, nymphs molt and become adults within five weeks.

Upon reaching maturity, bed bug adults often make weekly feedings.

Adult Bed Bug

How Long Do They Live?The life span of a bed bug most commonly ranges from four to six months. However, some bed bugs may live up to a year under cool conditions and with no food.

Cimex lectularius L.

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

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Bed Bug Life Cycle: Eggs, Nymphs,& Adult Stages
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1. Apply wet soap to the bite and allow it to dry.2. Try a home remedy, such as baking soda and water or lemon juice.3. Consider a steroidal anti-itch cream or calamine lotion.4. Take an oral antihistamine or pain relief medication if needed.5. See your doctor if the bites become infected or do not clear up within 1 to 2 weeks.

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Student backpack storage

Post date: October 20th, 2017

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Student backpack storage

Wall hooks are often used as a convenient place to store backpacks during the school day, but can lead to hitchhiking bed bugs moving from one backpack to another. Providing separate storage units for each student will help prevent the spread of bed bugs.

For more information on bed bugs in schools, visit

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Bed Bug Slideshow –

Post date: October 14th, 2017


(1) Getty Images(2) Nigel Cattlin / Visuals Unlimited(3) Brand X Pictures(4) Mark Andersen(5) Pulse Picture Library/CMP Images / Phototake -- All rights reserved.(6) Dr. Kenneth Greer / Visuals Unlimited(7) Darlyne A. Murawski / National Geographic(8) Courtesy of Orkin, Inc.(9) Thinkstock


New York City Department of Heath and Mental Hygiene.Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet.University of Kentucky College of Agriculture.University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension Lancaster County.Washington Post.

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Childhood Skin Problems

Photo courtesy of Phil Pellitteri, University of Wisconsin

The first sign of bedbugs may be red, itchy bites on the skin, usually on the arms or shoulders. Bedbugs tend to leave straight rows of bites, unlike some other insects that leave bites here and there.

Bedbugs do not seem to spread disease to people. But itching from the bites can be so bad that some people will scratch enough to cause breaks in the skin that get infected easily. The bites can also cause an allergic reaction in some people. Read more about bedbug bites - symptoms, treatments and prevention.

Slideshow: Slideshow: Bug Bites Pictures Slideshow: Identifying Bugs and Bug BitesSlideshow: Bedbugs Pictures Slideshow: Photos and Images of Bedbugs

Article: Don't Lose Sleep Over Bed BugsArticle: Bedbugs - Overview

Video: Tips to Stop the Bedbugs from Biting


Image: Photo courtesy of Phil Pellitteri, University of Wisconsin

Text: "Bedbugs - Overview", WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Bed Bug Bites in Pictures: What Do Bites From Bed Bugs ...
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Bed Bug Bites, Rashes & Symptoms

Post date: October 6th, 2017

Bed bugs feed on blood as their only source of nutrition. In order to mature into adults, they must feed once during each of their immature stages. Adult females also need blood in order to produce eggs. Although bedbugs do bite humans, they are not known to transmit diseases to people.

How to Identify the BitesBlood spots found on ones sheets, bites and the presence of bed bug feces and cast skins are some of the indications of a bed bug infestation. Bites are commonly found on the parts of the body that are more likely to be exposed to bed bugs during sleep the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs and arms. While not always the case, bed bug bites are often grouped together in a small area and at times may occur in a line or a zigzag pattern. Bites normally look like small, flat or raised areas that may become inflamed, itchy, red or blistered. Bed bug bite reactions dont always appear immediately after youre bitten and may take a few days to begin causing symptoms. However, not everyone reacts to bed bug bites in the same manner.

The size of bed bug bites varies with a number of different factors. Bed bugs inject an anti-coagulant along with their saliva when they pierce the skin to take a blood meal. This anti-coagulant is mostly responsible for how a person reacts to the bite and determines the size of the bugs bite. Since people will have various sensitivities to the bed bugs bite, the size of the bite will vary, as well. Another factor that influences the size of a bed bug reaction is the number of times a person is bitten. Bite reactions of people bitten many times are also variable, and their response may be either more or less intense as the number of bites increases.

Bed bugs pierce human skin with elongated beaks through which they extract blood. Bed bug bites are not initially painful and can go unnoticed for hours or days. This allows bed bugs to withdraw human blood for up to 10 minutes with each feeding. Bed bug bites occur most commonly on exposed skin, such as the upper body, neck, arms and shoulders.

Bite SymptomsSome individuals who are bitten by bed bugs develop itching, red welts or swelling the day after being bitten. However, bites may not become obvious for several days or at allon some individuals. Many people do not react at all to the bite of a bed bugmany bites leave no mark and go completely unnoticed.

Unlike those of other insects, bed bug bites may sometimesappear in tight lines of multiple, small, red marks where multiple bed bugs have fed along an exposed area. Bed bug bites can cause itchiness. Initially, a victim may detect a slight burning sensation. The burning area then develops red bumps, known as papules or wheals (rash). In extreme cases, bites may swell dramatically or turn into blister-like skin inflammations.

If you develop a rash after being bitten by a bed bug, avoid scratching the affected area. If the rash persists or becomes infected, contact a medical professional immediately.

Why Do They Bite?Bed bugs are blood feeders that depend on blood for their food source, so they must consume blood for survival.

One bed bug will usually take more than one bite. Once a bed bug inserts its mouthparts and finds a suitable blood vessel, it will begin feeding. However, finding the right blood vessel may take more than one injection into the skin. In addition, bed bugs are very sensitive to movement by the host they are feeding on. Therefore, if a sleeping person moves, a feeding bed bug will probably withdraw its mouthparts and begin its search for a blood meal on another part of the body. Its important to remember that the number of bites a person receives is not indicative of the number of bed bugs that feed on that person.

Risks Associated With InfectionsScratching bed bug bites and failure to keep the bites clean and disinfected may lead to a secondary infection that can cause further swelling and bleeding. Children, the elderly, and individuals with weak immune systems, particularly those who are bedridden, may develop secondary infections that result from bed bug bites.

How To Identify Bites On PetsBites on dogs and cats will look much like bites on people, and the pet owner may actually suspect a mosquito or flea bit the pet. As with people, bed bugs do not stay on pets, but return to a protected harborage site after feeding. In addition to bites, the presence of the bugs feces, cast skins and the animals irritation at night are also indicators of bed bugs biting pets. Therefore, one of the best things to do is inspect the pets bedding and frequently groom the animal while being vigilant for the telltale signs of bed bug presence.

Cimex lectularius L.

How to identify Bed Bugs?

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

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Scabies Rash

Many of us hesitate at the sight of bugs, insects, and spiders. Once you've been bitten or stung, your reaction may range from ouch and minor itching to infection or allergic reaction concerns and even emergency medical care. Learning to identify what a bite or sting looks like and how it feels can help you and your family determine whether home treatment or professional medical help is needed. This article will take a look at scabies, bed bugs, bees, tick, spiders, mosquitoes, lice, more and even some sea creatures that bite and sting.

Scabies is an infection caused by a mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. The mites burrow under the skin causing red, itchy bumps. Closer examination of the skin with a magnifying glass reveals lines under the skin, which are produced by the mites burrowing. Scabicide medications are used to treat the infestation.

Scabies infection appears as a red, bumpy, itchy rash on the skin. It is caused by infection by the human itch mite, Sarcoptes scabiei. The mites burrow deep into the skin leaving tell-tale red lines (burrows) that are visible with a magnifying glass. The mites may favor the skin on the fingers and arms and any area covered by jewelry or clothing. Scabies infection is treated with scabicide medications.

The picture shows red, raised nodules characteristic of scabies infection in a young child. Other skin features that occur with scabies include burrows, pustules, papules, and vesicles. Patches of crusty skin areas may be evident.

This figure illustrates burrows that are diagnostic of scabies. Burrows are represented by slightly raised white to light-brown linear lesions. The superficial part of the burrow has a scaly appearance, and at the distal end there may be a tiny black dot representing the mite, eggs, and/or fecal material (scybala) in a small vesicle.

Bed bugs are insects that cause itchy bites and hard-to-treat infestations of bedding, furniture, clothing, and other household objects. Bed bugs range from translucent to reddish-brown in color. They are oval-shaped and one-quarter of an inch long as adults. Bed bugs are small and flat, so they can invade a variety of spaces. They may hide in cracks, joints, and small spaces of furniture, wall hangings, and electrical appliances. Bed bugs may also like to take up residence under cushions or wallpaper.

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, brown insects that feed off the blood of animals and people. Bed bugs leave red, itchy bites -- usually in rows -- on their victims. Bed bug bites may resemble bites from other insects like chiggers or mosquitos. The rash may resemble other conditions such as hives or eczema. Bed bug infestations can be hard to identify. Bed bugs may leave reddish stains, dark spots, or pale yellow eggs on bedding and infested materials. Bed bug infestations are on the rise as people unknowingly transfer the bugs in and on luggage, boxes, clothing, and furniture.

Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. Ticks harboring the bacteria are found most often on deer, raccoons, weasels, moles, squirrels, horses, field mice, opossums, skunks, and shrews. Most cases of Lyme disease are reported in the northeastern United States in Connecticut, New York, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Wisconsin.

Initial symptoms of Lyme disease may include a red, expanding bulls-eye rash, fatigue, fever, chills, headache, and swollen lymph nodes. Muscle and joint pain may also be present. Later stages of Lyme disease may manifest with neuropathy, nerve problems, and arthritis. Knee pain may be a symptom of advanced Lyme disease.

Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi. Hard-bodied Ixodes ticks transmit the infection. Lyme disease is endemic in many parts of the United States. Some people infected with Lyme disease develop a characteristic bulls-eye rash called erythema migrans. The tick bite is the central area from which the rash migrates outward. The rash may be evident on other parts of the body as well. Other symptoms that may occur along with the rash include burning or itching at the bite location, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and malaise. Early Lyme disease often responds well to antibiotic treatment.

In later stages, Lyme disease may cause more serious, systemic illness. Symptoms in this stage may include neurological dysfunction, joint pain, and cardiac conduction problems. Current testing for Lyme disease is often insufficient for many reasons. Many cases of Lyme disease go undiagnosed and inadequately treated.

This picture shows an inflamed lump (papulonodular lesion) that has developed on the scalp after a tick bite. The lesion is itchy and scaly. Scratching may result in a secondary bacterial infection. Corticosteroids may be applied topically or injected into the area to decrease itching, pain, and inflammation. A lump like this may persist for several months after a tick bite. Biopsy may be necessary to properly diagnose and treat the lesion.

Rickettsialpox (tche noire) is a crusty, scab-like lesion with a red halo that occurs at the site of a mite bite. The lesion is caused by the Rickettsia akari bacteria that is harbored by mites that are associated with rodents. Fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, rash, muscle pain, headache, and sweating may be associated with the condition.

There are many different types of insects that can bite or sting. The stings of members of the Hymenoptera family -- bees (honey bees, Africanized killer bees, bumble bees), ants, and wasps (hornets, yellow jackets, paper wasps) -- are most likely to cause potentially serious medical problems or even death. These insects live in colonies. If you are stung by one, others may not be far behind and repeated stings are possible.

The black widow is a venomous spider with a potentially dangerous bite. The bite may or may not be visible as one or two puncture wounds on the skin. A bite may initially go unnoticed and produce no symptoms. Some people feel pain soon after a black widow spider bite. Black widow spider venom affects the nervous system, and common symptoms include abdominal pain, muscle cramps, weakness, and tremors. Profuse sweating, fever, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty breathing may occur in severe cases.

Symptoms and symptom severity after a black widow spider bite vary considerably. Those with underlying health problems, the elderly, children, and those with compromised immune systems may suffer more severe consequences due to a black widow spider bite.

A brown recluse spider is a venomous spider that has a violin-shaped marking on its head. The spiders are most common in the Midwest and the South. Brown recluse spider bites are often painless, which can lead to a delay in treatment. Within hours of a bite, redness and a 'bull's-eye" rash may appear. In the ensuing ensuing hours, the tissue at the center of the bite may begin to sink, form an ulcer, and die. This so-called necrotized tissue has a blue-black appearance. The majority of brown recluse spider bites do not cause significant tissue damage.

The brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa) is a venomous spider with a potentially painful bite. About 10% of bites from these spiders cause necrosis (tissue death). The area of the bite can be ulcerated. The toxins in the bite produce fever, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, itching, and pain at the site of the bite.

Carpet beetles are not common insects in homes and buildings where good hygiene predominates. Rarely, sensitized individuals may develop dermatitis due to the insects crawling over the skin. The hairy legs of carpet beetles may puncture the skin, leading to an intensely itchy rash with papulovesicular lesions (raised bumps or blisters). The lesions may blister as shown in the picture.

Fire ant stings cause intensely itchy red lesions that resemble hives. The areas affected by bites can develop blisters that later may become filled with pus. Fire ant stings may cause uncomfortable burning that can be relieved by over-the-counter pain relievers. Antihistamines and cold packs can also provide relief. Some people may have life-threatening reactions to fire ant stings causing anaphylaxis. Anaphylactic reactions require emergency medical treatment.

Fire ant stings are apparent on this child 24 hours after the injury. Redness, pain, and swelling occur at the sites of the stings. The stings look like flat red lesions (macules) and solid raised bumps (papules), some of which may contain pus (pustules).

Flea bites can cause uncomfortable reactions in people who are sensitive to them. It is important to avoid scratching flea bites to reduce the risk of wounds and infections. Vacuuming daily, treating pets with insecticide, and keeping pets out of the bedroom can reduce the risk of flea bites.

Head lice are parasites known as Pediculus humanus capitis. Eggs and young lice are called nits. They live on the hair shafts on the scalps of people who are infested. Sometimes, head lice occur on other hairs of the body, such as eyebrows or eyelashes. Head lice can easily infect other hosts by jumping on to new victims who are in close proximity. Lice can also be transferred to others on clothing or objects. School-aged children and their families are often affected by head lice. Symptoms may include itching, tingling, irritability, and sores. Lice are very small but they are visible.

Head lice are treated with a combination of over-the-counter medicated shampoo and lotions and by physically removing all lice from the head with a special comb. Lice may be found throughout the scalp, but favorite spots may be the hair behind the ears and around the nape of the neck. Clothing, bedding, and stuffed toys should be washed in very hot water and dried on the hottest dryer setting to kill lice and their eggs.

Nits are the eggs of body lice. They may reside on clothing of someone who is infested with these parasites. They favor seams of clothing and areas including under the armpits and around the waistline. Nits hatch within 1 to 2 weeks.

The picture depicts itchy, painful papules on the leg of a victim who has suffered a jellyfish sting. The papules follow a linear arrangement due to the long stingers of the jellyfish.

Sea urchins are echinoids that have spines that can be up to several inches long. Stepping on, falling on, or brushing against sea urchins can cause spines to fall off and embed into the skin. The sting is painful and unless the spines are removed, an infection will result. The process is tedious, but every spine out of the dozens that may be embedded must be removed in order to relieve the symptoms and prevent infection.

Sea urchin dermatitis results when sea urchin spines pierce the skin. The condition is pictured here on the bottom of the foot of someone who stepped on a sea urchin.

Swimmer's itch, or cercarial dermatitis, is a type of acute dermatitis that occurs as the result of skin infestation by parasitic larvae acquired from swimming in fresh or salt water. The parasites are harbored by certain birds, mammals, and snails. While the larvae can infect humans, leading to skin irritation, humans are not suitable hosts for the adult parasites. The rash resulting from swimmer's itch can be extremely itchy. Treatment may consist of topical agents to decrease itching and antibiotics if a secondary bacterial infection occurs due to skin breakage from scratching.

Seabather's itch, or seabather's eruption, is a very itchy rash that develops after contact with Cnidaria. These organisms include coral, jellyfish, and sea anemones. The jellyfish are found off the Florida coast and in the Caribbean, whereas the sea anemone are found off the northeastern coast of the United States.

Seabather's itch causes raised bumps or blisters to appear. Other symptoms of seabather's itch may include nausea, vomiting, headache, and fatigue.

The Portuguese man-of-war is a brilliant blue-purple hydrozoan that has long tentacles capable of stinging victims with a whiplash-like pattern. The stings typically cause wheals that occur in stripes. The characteristic sting is not caused by whips from the tentacles but from irritants that the tentacles deposit on the skin of the victims.

West Nile virus (WNV) is a flavivirus that can cause encephalitis. It is transmitted by mosquitoes. West Nile virus is similar to other viruses in the family, including yellow fever, dengue fever, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. WNV is a positive-strand RNA virus, and the genome encodes for three structural proteins and seven nonstructural proteins. The functions of the nonstructural proteins include weakening the host response and regulating viral transcription and replication.

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Pest Control Companies Maryland

Post date: September 28th, 2017

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Pest Control Companies Maryland

USA Pest Control takes the pride of being rated as one of the most competent pest control companies in Maryland. We provide 24/7 emergency pest control services in Maryland to both commercial and residential clients. Whether it is your home, hotel, office or hospital, hire our cost-effective and environmentally-friendly pest control service to enjoy the best results. We provide custom bed bug extermination services that are fast, effective and reliable. For more information Visit us our website

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Pest Control Companies Maryland
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Pest Control Services Maryland

Post date: September 28th, 2017

usapestcontrol posted a photo:

Pest Control Services Maryland

USA Pest Control takes the pride of being rated as one of the most competent pest control companies in Maryland. We provide 24/7 emergency pest control services in Maryland to both commercial and residential clients. Whether it is your home, hotel, office or hospital, hire our cost-effective and environmentally-friendly pest control service to enjoy the best results. We provide custom bed bug extermination services that are fast, effective and reliable. For more information Visit us our website

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Pest Control Services Maryland
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