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What bugs lurk in your bedding?

Post date: October 3rd, 2015

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What bugs lurk in your bedding?

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TIPS FOR: bugs, bed, dust mites, asthma, running nose, fever, bedbugs, health

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Common Name: Bed bug

Scientific Family: Climex lectularius Linnaeus

Unfed adults bed bugs are mahogany to rusty brown color. Engorged bed bugs are red-brown color after a blood meal. Nymphs (baby bed bugs) are nearly colorless when they first hatch and become brownish as they mature.

Six legs

Unfed bed bugs are flat and broad-oval. Fed bed bugs become swollen and more elongated.

Adult bed bugs can reach a size of about 1/4 inch long. Nymphs range from 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm.

Adult and nymph bed bugs

Bed bug biology naturally promotes infestation. Female bed bugs lay one to five eggs per day, or an average of 540 eggs in a lifetime. They typically lay their eggs in cracks or rough surfaces. Bed bug nymphs grow to full adulthood in about 21 days and go through five stages of development before they reach maturity. A bed bug will molt once during each stage of development, though a blood meal is required for a molt. An adult bed bug can live for several months without a blood meal.

Male and female bed bugs and bed bug eggs

Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide emitted by their hosts. For this reason, they tend to feed at night on bare skin that is exposed while sleeping. However, they are opportunistic insects and will consume a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. Although bed bugs prefer to feed on humans, they will feed on other warm-blooded hosts as well.

Bed bugs usually require 5-10 minutes to engorge with blood. They feed by inserting two hollow, beak-like feeding tubes into their host. The first tube injects the bug's saliva, which contains anesthetics to numb the feeding area. The second tube draws blood. After feeding, they move to secluded places and hide for 5-10 days. During this time, they do not feed but instead digest their meal, mate and lay eggs.

Bed bugs feeding

Read more here: Bed Bug Biology: Bed Bug Size, Bed Bug Color & Anatomy ...
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bed bug – Cimex lectularius Linnaeus

Post date: September 25th, 2015

common name: bed bug scientific name: Cimex lectularius Linnaeus (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cimicidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Survey and Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top)

Sometimes referred to as red coats, chinches, or mahogany flats (USDA 1976), bed bugs, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus, are blood-feeding parasites of humans, chickens, bats and occasionally domesticated animals (Usinger 1966). Bed bugs are suspected to carry leprosy, oriental sore, Q-fever, and brucellosis (Krueger 2000) but have never been implicated in the spread of disease to humans (Dolling 1991). After the development and use of modern insecticides, such as DDT, bed bug infestations have virtually disappeared. However, since 1995, pest management professionals have noticed an increase in bed-bug-related complaints (Krueger 2000).

Figure 1. Adult bed bug, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus, feeding. Photograph by Joseph Smith, University of Florida.

Human dwellings, bird nests, and bat caves are the most suitable habitats for bed bugs because they offer warmth, areas to hide, and hosts on which to feed (Dolling 1991). Bed bugs are not evenly distributed throughout the environment but are concentrated in harborages (Usinger 1966). Within human dwellings, harborages include cracks and crevices in walls and furniture, behind wallpaper and wood paneling, or under carpeting (Krueger 2000). Bed bugs are usually only active during the night but will feed during the day when hungry (Usinger 1966). Bed bugs can be transported on clothing, and in luggage, bedding and furniture (USDA 1976)/ Bed bugs lack appendages that allow them to cling to hair, fur, or feathers, so they are rarely found on hosts (Dolling 1991).

The adult bed bug is a broadly flattened, ovoid insect with greatly reduced wings (Schuh and Slater 1995). The leathery, reduced fore wings (hemelytra) are broader than they are long, with a somewhat rectangular appearance. The sides of the pronotum are covered with short, stiff hairs (Furman and Catts 1970). Before feeding, bed bugs are usually brown in color and range from 6 to 9.5 mm in length. After feeding, the body is swollen and red in color (USDA 1976).

Figure 2. Dorsal view of an adult bed bug, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus. Photograph by David Almquist, University of Florida.

Figure 3. Lateral view of an adult bed bug, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus. Photograph by Joseph Smith, University of Florida.

Figure 4. Nymph of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus. Photograph by Joseph Smith, University of Florida.

The two bed bugs most important to man are the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, and the tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus. These two species of bed bugs can be easily distinguished by looking at the prothorax, the first segment of the thorax. The prothorax of the common bed bug is more expanded laterally and the extreme margins are more flattened than that of the tropical bed bug (Ghauri 1973).

Because of their confined living spaces, copulation among male and female bed bugs is difficult. The female possesses a secondary copulatory aperture, Ribaga's organ or paragenital sinus, on the fourth abdominal sternum where spermatozoa from the male are injected. The spermatozoa then migrate to the ovaries by passing through the haemocoel, or body cavity (Dolling 1991). The female bed bug lays approximately 200 eggs during her life span at a rate of one to 12 eggs per day (Krueger 2000). The eggs are laid on rough surfaces and coated with a transparent cement to adhere them to the substrate (Usinger 1966). Within six to 17 days bed bug nymphs, almost devoid of color, emerge from the eggs. After five molts, which take approximately ten weeks, the nymphs reach maturity (USDA 1976).

Bed bugs are most active at night, so their infestations are not easily located (Snetsinger 1997). However, when bed bugs are numerous, a foul odor from oily secretions can easily be detected (USDA 1976). Other recognizable signs of a bed bug infestation include excrement left around their hiding places (Dolling 1991) and reddish brown spots on mattresses and furniture (Frishman 2000). Good sanitation is the first step to controlling the spread of bed bugs. However, upscale hotels and private homes have recently noted infestations, suggesting that good sanitation is not enough to stop a bed bug infestation (Krueger 2000).

If bed bugs are located in bedding material or mattresses, control should focus on mechanical methods, such as vacuuming, caulking and removing or sealing loose wallpaper, to minimize the use of pesticides (Frishman 2000). The effectiveness of using steam cleaners or hot water to clean mattresses is questionable. Heat is readily absorbed by the mattress and does no harm to the bed bug. For severe infestations, however, pesticides may be used. Care should be taken not to soak mattresses and upholstery with pesticides. Allow bedding and furniture to dry thoroughly before using. One study shows that over-the-counter foggers are not effective for controlling bed bugs (Jones and Bryant 2012).

Florida Insect Management Guide for bed bugs

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How Do You know if the Bed Bug Bites?

You dont just get bed bugs. They arrive as unwanted guests usually after a trip, attached to visitors, or with the introduction of a new piece of furniture into your home. The early symptoms of bed bugs are difficult to find. This is why Loyal Termite & Pest Control has prepared this brief to help you learn more about the symptoms of bed bugs.

These almost invisible parasitic insect are making a comeback from their previous almost eradicated condition. Increased travel and a lack of awareness are the main contributors to this resurgence.

In the early phase of a bed bug infestation, the only symptoms of their presence may be their bite. Most often this begins with finding unexplained bites on your body,especially after waking up in the morning. If you do find an unexplained bite, you need to understand that each person may react differently to bed bug bites. A bite might be a symptom of bed bugs, but in and of themselves, they are not a reliable method for diagnosing a bed bug infestation. Many times they are often mistaken as mosquitoes or dust mites bites. Thats why you need the professional expertise of Loyal Termite & Pest Control.

For instance, a person who is bitten may not react for several days, or a person may not react to a bed bug bites at all. This can allow an infestation to start in your home and remain unnoticed until the bed bug population increases so much that bed bugs become visually noticeable.

If you suspect a bed bug bite, dont take a chance of more bed bug bites; be proactive by calling Loyal Termite & Pest Control.

By looking for specific bed bug evidence, the infestation can be identified early, before the population becomes difficult to control. Adult bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye. Adult bed bugs are reddish brown, wingless, and are about the size of an apple seed.

Immature bedbugs are also visible to the naked eye but they are smaller than adults, and translucent whitish-yellow. Bed bug eggs are also tiny, about the size of the head of a pin. Another important feature in making a visual identification is that bed bugs can look different depending ontheir feeding status.

In fact, an unfed bed bug can look like a flat disc. However, once it takes a blood meal the body of a bed bug blows up like a balloon. The bed bug extends so it looks more like a torpedo than a disc.

So what do you do if you suspect a bed bug infestation or find symptoms of bed bugs? The first thing you must know is that as long as they can access nourishment from a sleeping body their number will grow. Remember, if left untreated the bed bug will not just go away. The only way to rid your home of the bed bug is through eradication.

A heavily infested home would have an offensive, sweet, musty scent which is released from their scent glands. You may also notice fecal matter, shed skins, egg cases in the seams and cracks of your mattress. If you are noticing these symptoms of bedbugs it is time to call Loyal Termite & Pest Control.

Loyal Termite & Pest Control is ready to identify, find, and guide you in wiping out all symptoms of bed bugs. All you need to do is give them a call or contact them today.

See more here: Symptoms of Bed Bugs | Bed Bug Information | Bed Bug Content
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Convenient Methods Of Cleaning Mattresses - For Adults

It actually is important to do maintenance cleaning to your mattress to hold it fresh also to ensure it takes a long time to come. It's a fact which a clean and sanitized mattress can certainly produce a huge difference in how you sleep and feel! All it takes is really a few simple steps and regular cleaning.
How To Clean Your Mattress -

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baseboard ripped off

Post date: September 15th, 2015

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baseboard ripped off

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Post date: September 15th, 2015

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Abandoned Graffiti Bedbugs

Post date: September 15th, 2015

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Abandoned Graffiti Bedbugs

Abandoned Graffiti Bedbugs
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Sure Cure for Bed Bugs

Post date: September 15th, 2015

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Sure Cure for Bed Bugs

sign from Cincinnati

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