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Bed bugs life cycle

Post date: August 7th, 2015

Bed bugs are well known as annoying biting pests, and they are increasing in importance, including in hotels and other lodging establishments in the U.S. You are encouraged to learn more about the biology of bed bugs and their association with homes, apartments, hotels, and lodging establishments so that you can make more informed decisions about health risks, how to protect yourself when traveling, and whether bed bug control is warranted in a residence or lodging establishment.

Bed bugs require blood in order to reproduce and complete their life cycle. The effect of bed bug bites varies among people, but they eventually produce red welts that itch. The bites themselves are not painful and typically are not felt. However, frequent feeding can disrupt peoples sleep and make them irritable, and seeing bites may cause emotional distress in some people. Heavy rates of feeding can result in significant blood loss and eventually lead to anemia, especially in malnourished children.

At least 27 agents of human disease have been found in bed bugs, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and parasitic worms. None of these agents reproduce or multiply within bed bugs, and very few survive for any length of time inside a bed bug. There is no evidence that bed bugs are involved in the transmission (via bite or infected feces) of any disease agent, including hepatitis B virus and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Bed bugs belong to the family Cimicidae of the insect order Hemiptera, the group of insects known as true bugs. In addition to the three species that are associated with humans, there are at least 88 species of Cimicidae in the world that live with and feed on bats or birds. Approximately 10-12 species of these bugs occur in the continental U.S., including four species in Indiana. Two species are known as bat bugs, one is known as a swallow bug, and one is known as a purple martin bug. Bat bugs and swallow bugs typically feed on their bat or bird hosts, but will feed on humans if their normal sources of blood are not available. The effects of their bites are similar to those associated with the bites of bed bugs. There is no evidence that bat bugs and swallow bugs transmit disease agents to humans.

There are two additional groups of Hemiptera that bite humans, the so-called kissing bugs and assassin bugs, both of which belong to the family Reduviidae. Kissing bugs feed on the blood of mammals and birds, and transmit a protozoan parasite that causes a disease of humans known as Chagas Disease. Chagas Disease is widespread in Central and South America, and an occasional case occurs in Texas. Assassin bugs, instead of being blood feeders, are predators on other insects, including crop pests. They are beneficial insects, but they will bite humans if mishandled, and the bites are very painful.

There is only one species of bed bug in Indiana, Cimex lectularius. This species is a pest of humans worldwide, including the entire U.S., and has over 50 common names, among them mahogany flat, redcoat, wall louse, and bed louse. A second species of bed bug, Cimex hemipterus, is limited to tropical regions of the world. A third species of bed bug, Leptocimex boueti, lives with and feeds on both humans and bats in West Africa.

Adult bed bugs are about inch long, oval, reddish-brown, and wingless. Their body is very flat, and they possess long, slender legs and antennae. They have a long, segmented proboscis (beak) that extends forward when the bug takes a blood meal. At rest, the proboscis lies beneath the body and projects backwards between the legs. Immature bed bugs are known either as larvae or nymphs. They closely resemble adults, but are smaller and less deeply pigmented.

Bed bugs develop from egg to adult via a process called gradual metamorphosis. This means the last larval stage develops directly into an adult without passing through a non-feeding pupal stage. There are five larval stages, and each one requires a blood meal before molting into the next life cycle stage. Both adult male and female bed bugs feed on blood and take repeated blood meals during their lives. Females require blood for the development of eggs.

The five larval stages are completed in about a month under suitable conditions of temperature, humidity, and availability of hosts for blood meals. Larvae can survive inside dwellings for several months without a blood meal, but they do not molt into the next life cycle stage until they engorge on blood. Adults can survive even longer under the same conditions, but, again, do not develop eggs unless they feed on blood.

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Bed Bug Fact Sheet If you have a bed bug infestation or if you or your family has been bitten In addition to using a flashlight, carefully aiming a hot hair dryer into these crevices while looking will help force bed bugs out. Scrub the mattress seams with a stiff brush to dislodge bed bugs and any eggs. Content Retrieval

Tick Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia It lays its eggs into ticks; the hatching wasps kill their host. Another natural form of control for ticks is the guineafowl, a bird species which consumes mass quantities of ticks. Just 2 birds can clear 2 acres (8,100 m 2) in a single year. Read Article

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Finding Fast Programs For Dust Mite Removal

Post date: July 21st, 2015

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Finding Fast Programs For Dust Mite Removal Programs For Mattress Cleaning - If you haven't seriously considered cleaning your mattress lately, consider this: You probably spend a minimum of six or seven hours there nightly. That's a very long time to be somewhere that is not as clean as it may be.

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Adult femail bedbugs leave eggs most commonly on the mattress, inside a box spring, behind peeling wallpaper, behind walls and baseboards, near the edges of rugs, and in the closets.

Bed bugs will lay their eggs anywherethey can. Anywhere bed bugs are dwelling and hiding they will also lay their eggs. They do not have a specific place they prefer to lay eggs. Bed bug eggs are hard to see and identify because they are about the size of the tip of a pen point and are clear to milkly in color.

They are extremely hard to see with the naked eye. However, if you use a flashlight and inspect your mattress closely, you may be able to see small mikly specs in the folds of your mattress. These are most likely bed bug eggs.

Our AllStop Dead Bed Bug Contact Killing Spray not only kills adult and adolescent bed bugs on contact it also kills their eggs. This is one reason our Bed Bug Contact Killing Spray is the ultimate solution to a bed bug infestation. Traditional pesticides suchs as foggers and bombings do not kill the bed bug eggs. This leaves the infestation to start its cycle all over again once the eggs hatch.

Once bed bugs hatch from their eggs they are not much bigger in size than the egg itself. They remain about the size of the tip of a pen point and remain the mikly white to clear color till after their first blood meal. If you actually see bed bugs crawling around your home this is a sign of a severe infestation, as bed bugs are not usually seen in homes because of their nocturnal and skitish nature.

It is just as important to kill the eggs as it is to kill the already hatched live bed bugs. Our non-toxic safe formulas are effective in killing eggs and live bed bugs alike.

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Treating Bedbug Bites

This is the thing people are usually most concerned about when they find out they've got bed bugs: how do they stop that itching, and are the bites dangerous?

First of all, it's important to know that not everybody reacts to the bites in the same way. A lot of people don't feel or notice them at all - you're bitten when you're asleep, and the bed bug will inject a chemical into the bite that stops the blood from clotting and keeps you from feeling it. Many people are allergic to this chemical - if you're itching, or seeing a reaction on your skin, then you're one of them. Most people's allergies are mild in the sense that they aren't dangerous. It's highly annoying, and your skin will itch like crazy, but it is extremely rare for anyone to have a serious health problem based on a bed bug bite (though there have been a few cases where people have gone into shock. Obviously, if you see something that seems like it's a more serious symptom than itching you need to see a doctor).

How do I know for sure that what's on my skin is a bed bug bite?

It's actually pretty hard to tell, because they can look like little bumps, a rash, or just reddish skin. There's nothing really distinctive about them, and many doctors misdiagnose them as some other skin condition. They're basically just an allergic reaction, so they could look like a lot of different skin conditions.

Here's one example of what they could look like - a bunch of little red welts (thanks to Martin for giving permission to use the photo):

Here's another one, this time thanks to Andrew. You can see in the picture below that the bites could easily be confused with a rash:

Read more: bed bug bites pictures - Bed Bugs Guide - How to Kill Bed Bugs
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Bed Bug Bite Pictures

Post date: July 3rd, 2015

Bed bug bite pictures are one of the main things people come to this site to see. Ive already given you some examples and descriptions of bed bug bite symptoms. But I think it is important to give you more examples.

Dont get too caught up trying to figure out if you have bed bug bites based just on pictures though. Other kinds of bug bites could look similar. Bites might suggest a bed bug problem but they are not conclusive.

If you suspect you have a bed bug problem, youll need to go further than just dealing with the bites. You need to check for all the signs of bed bugs in your home (or hotel/hostel if traveling). Here are some more bed bug bite photos for you.

In this picture, you can see bed bug bites on a persons shoulder. The bites appear in the top right and bottom left of the photo.

Image credit: raebrune

Reader plbjt5 had an unpleasant experience in Cyprus.

These bed bug bite pictures below are courtesy of Dr. Louis Sorkin.

Red spots show a just few hours after bed bug nymphs fed. In this case, Dr. Sorkin let a large number of bed bugs feed on this small area of his hand. That doesnt mean you will necessarily see such a large number of bites concentrated on a small area of your body too.

Bed bug nymphs feed on Dr. Sorkins hand (the pink area is a birthmark so dont get confused and think this is what a bed bug bite will look like).

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Trouble-Free Mattress Cleaning Systems - A Closer Look

Mattress Cleaning Read More Dust Mites a fantastic read/ Mattresses typically acquire three varieties of stains: blood, urine, and what we’ll just call “other bodily fluids”. While it’s better to treat stains immediately with cold water plus a little dish soap or hydrogen peroxide (warm water sets these stains), let’s admit it, sometimes sleep is a bit more important.

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Early Signs of Bed Bugs | eHow

Post date: June 22nd, 2015

Bed bugs are small, flat, reddish-brown pests that feed on human and animal blood. They often lurk in bed linens and bed frames. Mostly dormant during the day, at night, bed bugs come out of their hiding spots to feast on sleeping humans. If you suspect you have a bed-bug problem, look for the bed bugs at night, as the bugs are very good at hiding during the day.

Red, bumpy or itchy skin is one of the earliest symptoms of bed bugs. Bed-bug bites are generally red, with a darker red color in the center, and are often clustered or lined up near one another. The bites are most often on the hands, face, neck and arms. Unfortunately, bed bug bites look like most other insect bites, so it is hard to tell whether your home has bed bugs without noticing a couple other symptoms.

While foul odors are not always present when bed bugs have embedded themselves into your home, a musty, sweet, "buggy" smell does often accompany an extreme infestation. These odors are from secretions created in the glands of bed bugs.

Small brown spots on bed linens are a sign of bed bugs; bed bug fecal matter is typically in the seams of sheets as well as on mattresses and the walls near an infested bed. The spots can be hard and look bumpy, or can take on the appearance of a stain from a dark-colored marker.

Bed bugs molt five times before becoming adults, leaving behind empty, transparent, light-brown exoskeletons that look like empty bed bugs. Each exoskeleton becomes progressively bigger as bed bugs age; adult bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed.

Bed bugs, also known as cimex lectularius, are an unwelcome visitor to beds, walls and homes nationwide. Only about 1/4-inch in size,...

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Staying in a hotel, motel, hostel or rental apartment should be a home-away-from-home experience with clean, comfortable bedding. Unfortunately, bed bugs make...

Early Signs of Bed Bugs. Early Signs of Bed Bugs. Bed bugs are small, flat, reddish-brown pests that feed on human and...

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Learning how to identify bed bugs will help any home owner or apartment tenant avoid an infestation. All it takes is one pregnant female to produce a population. Bed Bugs do resemble other bugs, so a close inspection is required.

Bed bug appearance will change based on where they are in their life cycle, as they pass through 5 nymph and 1 adult stage. Color and shape can also vary if the bedbug has just had a blood meal and if that meal has been digested. They will appear flat and light brownish if they haven't just eaten and will become reddish after feeding.

Bed bug infestations are increasing across the globe. Reports in many U.S. cities show a 2x increase in complaints over a 2 year period. Reports in Ontario Canada have increased 100%, while Germany has seen a year to year increase of 5 reports to 76 reports.

In its earliest stages bed bugs may be difficult to detect since red bumps on the skin and skin itch, the typical symptom, can have multiple causes. As an infestation grows, repeated bites and stains on the mattress make it obvious that bed bugs are the problem and indicates that you should bring in an expert to identify bed bugs in your home or apartment.

Bed bugs change in appearance depending on where they are in the bed bugs life cycle. A bed bug will pass through five stages before reaching the sixth stage which is adulthood. Baby bed bugs are referred to as nymphs.

The bugs are also difficult to detect since they tend to only leave their hiding places at night, with the only sign being mattress or furniture stains. When an infestation is small, must bugs can be found on or near a bed, hiding on a box spring, backboard on in cracks on a bed frame, particularly wood frames. Always look for light to dark spots which can be shed skins and feces .

At birth they are about 1/16 of an inch and have a light straw color appearance. After a blood meal they will redden in color and appear to be larger. As they get older they become darker in color, taking on a reddish/brown appearance and grow to 1/4 inch.

If you think you have bed bugs, but want to be sure, then you can send a bug you capture to the Cornell Insect Diagnostic Laboratory. The service costs $25.

Bed bugs tend to hide in many places around a room, with most hiding near or around the mattress. The following diagram shows common bed bug hiding places. It is possible to see a solitary bed bug that isn't near the location of the larger infestation.

When trying to identify bed bugs, look in the following places in the typical room:

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Identify Bed Bugs: Pictures and Descriptions
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