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Bed bugs, like most insects, have a complex life cycle with multiple stages. They begin their lives in an immature form and physically change in appearance and size as they grow. The life cycle of a bed bug is longer than most other parasites, which allows them to reproduce at alarming rates in great volumes.

Understanding how these pests grow and produce offspring can give us valuable insight into how severe an infestation is and how far along it is.

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As I've, the life cycle of a bed bug is similar to most insects and arthropods in general for that matter. They begin life as an egg laid by a female and grow to adults by passing through distinct life stages. During each of these life stages, their appearance and behavior change slightly until they reach adulthood.

Unlike mammals, birds, and even some species of reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates, bed bugs do not care for their offspring once the eggs have been lain. Their life cycle does not include a nurturing phase, so the bug is independent from birth. This lack of care increases the bed bugs' mortality rate but allows for a single female to create a vast number of offspring relatively quickly.

A bed bug will hatch from its egg as a nymph. A nymph is an immature insect that closely resembles the adult form of its species. The nymph gradually undergoes a metamorphosis into its adult form by molting its exoskeleton. The nymph must go through several nymph stages, growing larger with every molting. Each stage lasts approximately a week. Nymphs are different from larvae, which are vastly different in their immature stage, and undergo radical metamorphosis into its adult form.

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A baby bed bugs, also known as an instar, can feed on blood immediately. It is smaller but no less dangerous than an adult. However, it cannot reproduce until (relatively) much later in its lifespan. It is similar to human children. They go through a younger version of adults until they reach an age at which they can reproduce.

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The adult stage of the bed bug is the longest, just like with mammals. Unlike butterflies or moths that are sexually active for brief periods of time, bed bugs continue to mate and produce offspring for a majority of their lifespan. The eggs that the females lay hatch and the cycle begins again.

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The insect world is enormous and varied in its species. Insects have their unique life cycles and stages within that cycle. The bed bug has seven distinct stages in its life.

CC Image courtesy ofBritish Pest Control Association

At each stage of the bed bug life cycle, the insect's appearance is distinct and differentiated from the other stages. Close inspection can reveal what stage the bug is at in its lifespan.

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Bed bugs mate through an appropriately named procedure called traumatic insemination. The male bed bug, instead of going through the females sex organs, inserts its hypodermic penis into the abdomen of the female and ejaculates sperm into her body cavity.

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The sperm makes its way to the eggs within the female eventually, at which point the female is ready to lay fertilized eggs. She will arrange them together in a small group or simply lay them as she moves about her business.

Because the action is so traumatic, females require an extended recovery period before they can mate again. Each subsequent mating produces fewer eggs because the damage caused by mating never truly heals. Despite this, females can mate several times over the course of their lives.

Unfortunately for humans, bed bugs are mostly unaffected by inbreeding and incest. A female can mate with her male offspring and vice versa with virtually no complications. This resistance means that a single fertilized female can cause an entire infestation all on her own.

A female bed bug can lay 1-7 eggs a day for ten days after feeding. She can produce 5-20 eggs after one full meal. She is dependent upon sperm, however, and must mate again if she runs out. She can do this several times in her lifespan.

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Over the course of her entire life, a female bed bug can lay over 100 eggs. The eggs are split more or less down the middle by gender, meaning there are just as many females as there are males. Since these offspring can mate with each other with little consequences, each female can lay 100 eggs of her own and the females she creates can do the same and so on, causing an exponential growth in population.

Bed bugs enjoy a high success rate when it comes to eggs. Under the right temperature conditions, around 97% of the eggs will hatch. Higher temperatures and increased humidity positively affect the hatch rate as well as the lifespan and health of the bugs overall.

Bed bugs lay their eggs in and around the same area where they live. The female may even lay eggs as she moves from one place to another; leaving eggs on carpets and bed sheets, exposed and in the open. Most often, though, she will lay them in her shelter.

Bed bugs are nocturnal, hiding during the daylight hours to avoid being killed. The find shelter in the seams of mattresses, or in other creases and folds in fabrics. These enclosed spaces raise the ambient temperature and humidity, creating a favorable microclimate. That is where most eggs can be found. Wherever bed bugs hide, the eggs will not be far.

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Bed bugs do not live in hair on the human body, so this isn't something you need to worry about.

The length of a bed bugs life is largely dependent on its access to food and the temperature and humidity of its environment. As stated above, higher temperatures in excess of 70 F and high humidity will help them to produce more offspring. These higher temperatures will increase bed bug activity, but they wont necessarily prolong their lives. Temperatures over 100 F prove to be too hot and cause lower life expectancy and fertility.

Bed Bugs collect moisture through their food and by breathing it in through their skin. More moisture in the air means more for them to drink. Colder temperatures and drier climates have an adverse effect on bed bug activity, but it also makes them live longer. Since they spend most of their time resting, their lives grow longer.

Since each nymph stage lasts about a week, an egg can reach maturity in about 37 weeks. From there, the bed bug can live in its adult stage for up to a year before it dies of old age. Depending on conditions and availability of food, a bed bug can live for anywhere from six months up to slightly over a year.

The upper limit of a year lifespan has only been observed in a laboratory. We can reasonably assume that bed bugs in "the wild" have drastically reduced lifespans stemming from human actions, non-optimal conditions and food scarcity. Without action, however, bedbugs will continue to reproduce and persist. Bed bugs likely live at least a few months in non-laboratory conditions; more than long enough to reach sexual maturity.

Bed bugs have quite a long life cycle and lifespan in comparison to similar blood-sucking parasites. This prolonged life makes them especially difficult to eradicate completely. It takes a bed bug around five weeks to go through each of its adolescent nymph stages and reach sexual maturity. Once it is an adult, however, it can continue to reproduce, even through incest, for months. Their highly evolved physiology makes them a threat not to be taken lightly.


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Bed Bug Life Cycle A Guide to All Stages | PestSeek
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Dave’s Pest Control_Core Values

Post date: January 2nd, 2019

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Dave's Pest Control_Core Values

Our Company got together to create our core values and mission statement at our last company meeting. We will live these values in our work to help guide us be the best company we can be.

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Pest Control Services – Swiftkill Pest Control

Post date: December 24th, 2018

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Pest Control Services - Swiftkill Pest Control

Pest Control in Leatherhead cover local areas within Surrey also. We discreetly remove pest control from your home & building so that you can enjoy a pest free environment. www.swiftkill.co.uk/pest-control-leatherhead/

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Last Updated On October 20, 2017 By surekha

Fleas are tiny black colored bugs which can cause painful bites. It is difficult to control them without the help of professional team. You are more prone to flea bites if you have pets at home than others. These tiny black or brownish insects about 1/12 inches long but can jump easily to any height and are capable of reproducing in no time. They mainly live on cats and dogs in your home and can easily bite you without your knowledge.

Flea bites can be itchy and painful and you may have signs of red spots on the affected skin, rashes, and swelling around the bite. Flea bites can cause distinctive reddish halo in the site. Apart from these problems fleas can easily transmit diseases like plaque and typhus. Often, your legs and ankles are vulnerable places of flea bites apart from wrist, armpits and groin.

If you observe your dogs/cats licking and scratching a lot, it could be due to flea bites. Mild flea bites can be managed with home remedies like Aloe Vera gel, ointments and ice packs but severe forms have to be treated medically if hives are formed in the skin. It is true that fleas are able to store volumes of blood measuring about 15 times of their weight.

When compared with fleas, bed bugs would not have wings and both are tiny oval shaped insects. Color of both bed bugs and fleas are of brownish black or reddish black. Bed bugs feed on humans and animals like that of fleas. The symptoms of flea bites and bed bug bites are similar. Bites of both these insects would produce swelling on the skin with tiny red spot on the affected site. It can also cause hives and blisters in severe cases. Like fleas, areas like arms, legs and face and other exposed parts of body, are highly vulnerable for bites of bed bugs.

Symptoms :

Both fleabites and bed bug bites have similar symptoms of itchy feeling and tiny red blisters on the skin.

Symptoms Of Flea Bites :

Symptoms Of Bed Bugs Bite :

Flea bites can cause itching almost instantly and they appear in clusters. Bed bug bites are often found in rows and not in groups. Both can trigger allergic reaction in your body causing swelling and rashes.

Where Do They Live ?

Read more on Insect Bites

Which Is More Harmful?

Fleas are obviously more harmful than bed bugs, because it transmits disease by injecting bacteria and other micro-organisms during their bite. Bed bugs generally do not carry any parasites and they bite only to suck your blood.

Treatment :

Home Remedies :

Ways To Prevent Flea Bites& Bed Bug Bites :

Firstly you need to check the health condition of your pets. Get it checked with a Vet who can give suitable medication to control fleas in them.


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Bed bugs are reddish-brown flat insects that are the size of an apple seed. They feed on human blood and other warm-blooded animals. Bed bugs mainly target exposed areas since they cant penetrate through clothes. They are mainly active at nights when the host sleeps and bites are often grouped together in a small area and at times may occur in a line or a zigzag pattern.

The presence of bed bugs at your home can be understood by the blood spot on the bed covers, bites on ones skin and faces of bed bugs are common indications of the bed bug infestations. Bites are usually seen in the areas that are exposed during the sleep like the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs, and arms. They attack the host during the sleep and immediately reach the hiding spot.

The bed bugs bites its host by securing itself on the skin of the host using its claws and then inserts it beak into the skin of the host. The beak consists of two tubes (stylets): one mouth part secretes the bugs saliva into the human, and the other mouth part feeds off of blood.

This saliva assists in preventing the hosts blood from clotting to keep it flowing. They also excrete a tiny amount of anesthesia into the host body before they bite so that there is no sensation. The saliva causes the itching sensation on the hosts skin. Bed bug bite reactions may take some time after youre bitten. They sometimes take a few days to begin causing symptoms or the symptoms might also go unnoticed. Not everyone counters to bedbugs bites in the same manner.

Here are few symptoms and pictures of bed bug bites on various positions.

Legs are a common area to get big bugs bites since they are very much exposed during sleep. And, Bed bug bites may sometimes appear in lines of multiple, small, red marks where multiple bed bugs have fed along an exposed area or they may be grouped along a small area.

Bed bugs will look for other victims if they are unable to find human blood. They may bite your dogs for their survival. Unlike humans, they do not stay on pets but return to a protected harborage site after feeding. Bed bug bites on dogs can cause skin irritation, pink welts or spots on the skin, intense itching and even allergic dermatitis. They can also cause patchy hair loss, rashes, hives, blisters and even irritability or anxiety in the pets.

You should be well aware and look for the signs if bed bugs are feeding on your pets blood. Look for a discarded skin of the bugs and their fecal stains. The fecal stains are usually brown, red or rust colored spots and stains in and around the pets bedding.

Babies who sleep in crowded places are at a higher risk of getting attacked by bed bugs since there is a higher chance of the presence of bed bugs. Infants who are prone to skin allergy may develop a generalized bumpy redness in large areas with severe itching, and they may scratch the area vigorously, which puts infants at risk for bacterial infection.

Management of bedbug bites includes removing the bedbugs themselves and controlling the childs itching because scratching can lead to infection. Make sure to keep infants nails trimmed short. You should consult your child doctor if there is pus, redness, swelling, fever, or if the reaction blisters or is otherwise severe. There have been rare cases of severe allergic reaction that affect breathing (anaphylaxis). Seek emergency medical care if your child has trouble breathing.

In cases of severe infestation if you are consulting a professional exterminator agent remember that some insect repellants can be toxic to children, so make sure whatever the chemicals that the agents are using are safe for your children.

The bites may appear in a group or may appear as a cluster of red bumps. It may also blend together in a rash making it difficult to identify individual bites. It depends on the skin of the host how the bites would appear on the skin.

Bites normally look like small, flat or raised areas that may become inflamed, itchy, red welts, bumps or blistered.

Bedbugs always look out for exposed areas for their meal. Your face is an area that remains always exposed. They usually bite on the face at nights and the bites are painful afterward. Ice cubes certainly relieve the swelling. It takes around two weeks for the marks to disappear.

Having bites on your face is not only irritating but can also be very embarrassing especially after scratching when they turn red. It takes around two weeks for the marks to disappear but if there is a severe infection due to excessive scratching the marks may last for a long time.

Bed bug bites generally last for a few days. If you suffer from an allergic reaction due to the bed bug bite, the red itchy bumps may last longer on you than on other people. In some severe cases, bed bug bites can cause an itchy rash that blisters and fills with fluid. In these cases, it may take up to two weeks for the marks to disappear. The good news is that bed bugs dont spread disease. However, bed bug bites should be treated as fast as possible is to reduce the itching and irritation that they cause. Excessive scratching can lead to scarring which may cause scars and the bed bug bite scars will last for a long time. Recovering quickly from bed bug bites is important to reduce the irresistible urge to scratch the bite marks.

In the rare occasions when home remedies dont help to get rid of bed bug bite and they last for too long. You should visit your doctor or dermatologist. Also, consult a doctor if bed bug bites induce a severe allergic reaction or you notice anything unusual around the site of the bed bug bites. Antihistamines and Panafcortelone are usually prescribed by the doctor to treat bed bug bites in severe cases.

After about two weeks the swollen area reduces its bump and also the redness decreases. If there are marks due to an infection and excessive scratching it might take a long time for the marks to disappear.

They may also leave black marks afterward and it might take a few months for the skin to get rid of the spot.

Bed bug bites on a black person are not as visible as on a white person. It is difficult to understand bed bug bites on a black person if the black person is not very allergic to bed bug bites.

However, the symptoms of bug bites may appear up to two weeks after the actual bite. It is very rare for anyone to have a serious health problem based on a bed bug bite. It should also be noted that bed bugs dont come out to feed every night. They are the creatures who can go several days without eating. It may take a few weeks to notice that your bites are part of a larger pattern.


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Sometimes seeing pictures of bed bugs can help you identify if you're attracting bed bugs and whether or not you need to start doing something about it.

Im sure some of us remember that old phrase...

Dont let the bed bugs bite

For the longest time most people thought bed bugs were just some made up creature!

If youre reading thisarticle, then its likely you have experienced (or are currently experiencing) a run in with bed bugs.

To help you out, we've curated 53 of the best images and pictures of bed bugs I could find that showcase what a bed bug looks like so hopefully you can identify what it is thats pestering you.

Ready? Let's get started!

Bed bugs are flat reddish brown oval insects ranging from 4 to 5mm in length. They feed on blood and are only active during the night time.

I keep a very clean house, will that keep bed bugs away?

Not entirely, bed bugs dont care if your house is clean or dirty.

Although, if your house is clean, it will be easier to spot bed bugs if you have them.To keep bed bugs at bay you should take proactive measures such as:

Read Also:What are the best steamers and vacuums for bed bugs?

Want to skip all this research and just hire a decent exterminator for your bed bug problem?

Click here to check out our exterminator search tool where we instantly send you free quotes from trusted (and thoroughly vetted) exterminators in your local area.

(Process takes about 30 seconds)

Bed bugs, although very annoying, pestering, and gross, are not carriers of disease unlike mosquitos, which can carry various diseases.

What they will do is bite you multiple times in close proximity while you sleep. The bites themselves arent painful, but will leave a reddish hive on your skin. The biting area will look very similar to a mosquito bite althoughslightly larger andA LOT itchier.

After they bite, they will retreat back to their hiding space. Click here for more on the dangers of bed bugs.

Click here for more information on treatments related to bed bug bites.

Need help getting rid of a bed bug problem. You need tocheck out this articlewhen you have a couple minutes.

Bed bugs tend to live in the seams of your mattress, in the box spring, in the folds of loosewall paper,in your sofa, under your rug, and any other area that is close to a feeding source. Bed bugs want to be near where they feed, so expect them to be close by when you sleep if you have them.

Youll find that a lot of bed bugs live in hotels because of the frequency at which people come and go inside of them. Bed bugs dont prefer hotels, rather there are a lot of people and its likely that someone will be carrying a bed bug at one point or another.

Also, unlike lice, bed bugs DON'T like to live in your hair! Some people are convinced and deathly afraid of going to sleep because of this. Not true, continue reading for pictures!

Bed bugs are VERY hard to get rid of mainly because they hide so well. Depending on the size of the infestation, you might have to look very hard before you find the culprit and stop the spreading.

If youre actively getting bitten, do the following things:

Click here for our complete guide on bed bug removal.

53 of the best Images and picturesof bed bugsBed bug size comparisons

9. Here is a picture of an adult male bed bug being sized at about 5 milimeters.

Want to skip all this research and just hire a decent exterminator for your bed bug problem?

Click here to check out our exterminator search tool where we instantly send you free quotes from trusted (and thoroughly vetted) exterminators in your local area.

(Process takes about 30 seconds)

Want to skip all this research and just hire a decent exterminator for your bed bug problem?

Click here to check out our exterminator search tool where we instantly send you free quotes from trusted (and thoroughly vetted) exterminators in your local area.

(Process takes about 30 seconds)

Want to skip all this research and just hire a decent exterminator for your bed bug problem?

Click here to check out our exterminator search tool where we instantly send you free quotes from trusted (and thoroughly vetted) exterminators in your local area.

(Process takes about 30 seconds)

That's it folks. 53 pictures and images of bed bugs. Hopefully now you have some sort of feel for what a bed bug looks like and how to spot one in your own home.

If after going through these images and you think you might have an infestation, we highly recommend contacting a 3 to 5 exterminators for quotes on bed bug removal. Bed bug removal is a very delicate process, which requires a highly skilled exterminator!

Please Note*** If you are attempting to kill or remove a bed bug problem, we highly recommend you consult and potentially hire a licensed exterminator or else you risk making your bed bug problem worse. Click here for our tool to help you find free quotes from pre-qualified exterminators in your area.

Keep The Pests Away From Helpful Tips (That Work)

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Hornchurch Pest Control Services

Post date: November 3rd, 2018

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Hornchurch Pest Control Services

Swiftkill pest control in hornchurch dispense pest treatment for residential and commercial property. Our Technicians are fully qualified in pest control techniques. www.swiftkill.co.uk/pest-control-hornchurch/

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Heavy infestation of bed bugs in a home in #Charleston. This infestation could have potentially been ongoing for well over a year unchecked and ignored! #pestcontrol #bedbugs #residentialpestcontol

Heavy infestation of bed bugs in a home in #Charleston. This infestation could have potentially been ongoing for well over a year unchecked and ignored! #pestcontrol #bedbugs #residentialpestcontol

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Heavy infestation of bed bugs in a home in #Charleston. This infestation could have potentially been ongoing for well over a year unchecked and...
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biotechpestmanagement posted a photo:

This is #bedbug feces one of the tell tale signs of an infestation. Bed bug feces is black in color and usually in round dots. #pestcontrol #Charleston #summervillesc #residentialpestcontol #bedbugs

This is #bedbug feces one of the tell tale signs of an infestation. Bed bug feces is black in color and usually in round dots. #pestcontrol #Charleston #summervillesc #residentialpestcontol #bedbugs

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